As Nazi Germany's downfall become more and more imminent. Groups of ununiformed, partisan, commandoes were sent behind enemy lines. These actions which began in 1944 are relatively uneventufl. However, they were called the Werwolfs and would be instrumental in continuing the war after Nazi Germany's surrender in 1945. These SS units were called Werwolf units and after the surrender of Nazi Germany would continue to commit acts of terror and violence in occupied Germany. The allied forces responded diferently to this threat. The U.S. used police action, arrests, and incarcerations in their occupied zones. The Soviets responded with execution squads and rape. This article will detail the final Nazi resistance against the allied powers which began in 1944 and ended in 1947.
In late 1945 Minister Goebbels gave the "Werwolf speech" which was aimed at getting german civilians to continue the war effort and fight to the last man, woman, or child if need be. Many did not heed his advice, however after the fall of the Nazi leadership in Berlin, many Werwolf squads were organized and went into the surronding country to form a partisan gurella group. Most of these units were not organized by top brass, but were small cells without leadership. They were formed mostly of young boys 15-17 years old, and lived in the wilderness. They commited acts of terror that mostly killed ethnic germans and killed few allied soldiers in the occupied zones.
The allies dealt with this threat in the following ways. The Soviets responded by rounding up and liquidating youths in their occupied zones. The U.S. responded by shooting gurellas without a trial and later responded by razing a few village. The french expelled over 25,000 civilians from Alsace and used the males to clean the mine fields in that region. The UK and Canadians also commited acts against the civilian populace to prevent Werwolf activity. The Werwolf movement mostly stoped in 1945, but isolated acts of terror continued for the next few years. The hardcore Nazi's hid in the wilderness, in forested hunts, and continued to plant bombs near Allied zones. These bombs mostly killed ethnic germans. Most of the German officers were kept in internment camps, so they could be prevented from organizing the disorganized terrorist cells.
In the end the Nazi resistance was crushed by Allied reprisals. Some more horrible and unnecessary than others, the Soviet ones for example. The resistance was over by 1947 and no significant gurella group presented a threat to the allies. In my opinion the German people were too tired of the war and had shared enough of the horrors to realize that when the Nazi state fell, it was a good time to quit.