Catalhoyuk, the first city of the world

Literally a land down under

Studying architecture is one of the things that interest me most; but now, I just found out that archaeology must’ve been more appealing than architecture. Although they are both connected to each other, archaeology doesn’t fail to surprise men.

For eight years now, when asked about the early civilization I always thought about the Neolithic, Mesolithic, and Paleolithic ages which said to have started in 3000 B.C.; believing that early men lives through hunting and cave dwelling. But yesterday while discussing about the early architecture civilization, I was appall to know that civilization really started at 7000 B.C. I guess some of you or maybe all of you have heard about this already and it’s just me making it a big deal. Anyhow, I just wanted to share this with those who (like me) haven’t heard of it yet.

It was in the year 1950’s where the so-called first city (Catalhoyuk) gets discovered by an archaeologist and is excavated in 1960's. But, who specifically discovered it?

The man behind the discovery of Catalhoyuk is none other than James Mellaart; a man who is always interested in old artifacts and the earliest civilizations. The discovery and excavation doesn’t start like any other discoveries. It’s much more like of a movie, interesting and intriguing. How interesting it is? We’ll find out.

Stories of catalhoyuk started in a train where James Mellaart is boarding. Across his seat came a lovely woman who was later known as Anna Papastrati. This woman caught James’s interest because of the bracelet she’s wearing; being a person of new discoveries, he asks the woman about the gold bracelet that seemed authentic ancient design a bracelet that can only be found in troy. Seeing his interest, the woman told him that there are still a lot like of that in her place; inviting Mr. Mellaart to come with her. Mr. Mellaart then went to the woman’s place travelling in a foggy night. When they reached the woman’s place, he saw much kind of Trojan artifacts that left him in awe. The woman bringing him to her place however didn’t allow him to take pictures of the artifacts; instead she instructed him to just draw them.  Going back to England together with the illustrations, Mellaart received a letter from Anna Papastrati telling him in disappointment that he was more interested with the artifacts than her! But still the woman granted him the permission to use the illustrations of the artifacts for publicity. Mellaart then wrote her back but was more disappointed when the letter cannot be send to the receiver because she was gone and cannot be found. No one knows the mysterious woman named Anna Papastrati. The place where she entertained him doesn’t even exist that very moment. However, it is not the catalhuyok civilization that interests Mellaart the most, but the mysterious Dorak treasure. A treasure that is said to be a tell-tale story by Mellaart himself.

Very intriguing isn’t it? Yet another story of the discovery/excavation of the place is when a farmer tilling his land wonders why some part of his land comes from soft to hard as rock; this is where the excavation started, revealing the city down under.  Anyway, fraud or not, what’s really interesting is the civilization that flourished in Anatolia Turkey. I think this must cost more worth than any other treasure of the ancient world.


The civilization and its Architecture

        Studying the ruins, anthropologists stated that the civilization has more likely a modern way of living compared to those of in England, Ireland, Egypt and other places.  They fed themselves through fishing and were the first artists as well. Illustrations were discover on the walls portraying some bulls leading to another theory that the civilization raised cattle’s with them.

             The civilizations Architecture cannot be denied of admiration. Further research and studies show that they were already using timber in construction together with mud clays. It is amazing how they used these kinds of materials in building their houses. Another thing that caught my attention is how they put their entrances above their dwellings. It is quite rare to see house entrances placed above the roof. Well, it might be for safety matters. If we will come to think of it, animals can easily enter their dwellings if their house openings will be in the ground-line. Also, these houses were build over the others; when the family residing on that house die, anyone is now free to build their house on top of the deceased's house. Making the city looks like a Lego.

File:Catal Hüyük Restauration B.JPG




For more interesting read, feel free to visit my page