Diabetes is a disease caused by a malfunctioning of the endocrine system in the body with resultant high level of blood sugar. The specific sugar being blood glucose even though other forms of blood sugar may be raised as well. This is due to a either the inability of the body to produce enough insulin or the inability of the body to utilize insulin normally.
The main symptoms of diabetes in clued excessive weight loss, increased thirst, increased urination, and extreme tiredness. The severity and presence of these symptoms depends on the severity of the conditions. In mild blood sugar elevation, some of these symptoms may be absent.
The different kinds of diabetes include type 1 (insulin dependent diabetes) , type 2 (late onset diabetes) and gestational diabetes ( diabetes in pregnancy). All these types of diabetes have different causes and differing severity of symptoms. Irrespective of their type, diabetes remains a dangerous disease if not well managed.
The Diabetes Epidemic
As the incidence of obesity rises among the population, reaching alarming rates never seem before, the epidemic of type 2 diabetes is spreading like wild fire and there seems to be no rebate in sight. Within a year at the onset of this decade, the number of people diagnosed with diabetes increased by one % from 5.5% to 6.5% ( 2001 to 2002). More than twelve million Americans have been diagnosed of diabetes and over an estimated five million Americans have undiagnosed diabetes. As if this was not all, about twelve millions others already have impaired glucose level that can progress to full blown diabetes.
Being ignorant is worse because untreated diabetes becomes easily complicated and more difficult to treat or manage. Serious complications include blindness, amputation and even death. Unfortunately, the truth is that all these do not need to happen as type 2 diabetes is almost completely preventable. All it takes is to change your lifestyle to a healthier one. Eat less, eat better food and exercise a lot more. Simple things that turn out to be life savers.
As more people tend to live longer , the incidence of diabetes mellitus is expected to rise. We are a nation that loves food albeit not exactly the very healthy food. As our life expectancy increases, the negative effects of our past eating patterns begin to set in.
The diabetic epidemic is not just a Us issue but a worldwide problem. Various countries round the world are already experiencing an increase in the incidence of diabetes at an alarming rate.
Projects estimates of the number of diabetes worldwide could reach about 400 million persons by third decade of this century. It is sad to note that the disease is showing an increase frequency even among the younger subset of the population. Now is the time to act to stop this epidemic of diabetes that is slowly rising.