Time and its varied perception by living organisms
A study of how time moves at variable rates for different life forms.
Based on Einstein's theory of relativity, it is understood that the speed of any object affects the rate of time passage for that object. In short, the faster an object moves, the slower time passes for that object. With this in mind, the same concept should apply to biological life - any organism whose biological functions and movement generally exceed the speed of another life form by an extreme and excessive amount should experience and perceive time differently than much slower moving life.
As a rule, most of the larger life on Earth is consigned to the same time frame, meaning that the rate of time passage and perception is the same for all of these. An elephant and a lion have the same time frame and perspective as time passes at the same rate for both. However, a housefly, which can travel 300 times the length of its body in 1 second, perceives a different rate of time passage when it is in flight. In general, the housefly is in the same time frame as the elephant or lion however its time perspective changes tremendously when it is in flight: Due to its great speed it perceives each second as lasting longer than animals do who move at a much slower rate.
Another example would be the 1 second microbe mind experiment: Imagine a microscopic life form moving millions of times faster than humans. This, in turn, would allow the microbe to complete many tasks in what humans would perceive as 1 second. However, because the microbe moves on a much faster plane and in a different time frame than humans, it perceives and experiences that second in an entirely different manner. For the microbe, because it moves at such an incredible speed, that human second may be perceived as an hour or even much more based on how much it can do in what we designate a second. In fact, the microbe would be in a different time frame entirely and, if it were intelligent, it could break that 1 second into days, hours, or minutes based upon its own time perspective.
Based on the 1 second microbe mind experiment, it becomes evident that the rate of time passage and perception is directly linked to how swiftly actions can be completed by living organisms. This is also why, in Einstenian theory, the twin paradox exists ( a twin travelling at lightspeed returns to find a much older twin on Earth ) : The twin on the spacecraft moving at the speed of light is actually in an entirely different time frame than his sibling on Earth. Although time appears to move at the same rate for the twin on the spaceshift and his perception of a second remains the same, his time frame has actually shifted drastically : His actions on the ship, whether it be reading a book or drinking a glass of water, are now happening at the speed of light. Therefore, because he can do many things in what would be perceived as a second by Earth bound humans, the rate of time passage for him has slowed incredibly in comparison to the time frame his twin on Earth is locked into. A second on the spaceship could be equivalent to an hour or a day on Earth. This difference in time frames and perception is why the twin returns to Earth and discovers that much more time - decades or centuries - has passed by on Earth while he travelled at light speed for what he considered a short time period.
Although the twin paradox remains the most persistent example of different rates of time passage, biological organisms do not need spacecrafts to experience time differently. Biological functions that operate at vastly different speeds can and do affect time frames and the perception of time rates between species. The experience of time is based upon the speed in which any action or group of actions can be completed by a living organism. This, in and of itself, supports Einsteinian relativity and adds a heretofore overlooked arena in the field of time and its affect on the universe as we understand it.