Without the benefit of the Thomas Jefferson accomplishments, the world as we know it would be much different. Thomas Jefferson is famous for being one of the Founding Fathers. They were the men who had a key part in turning the United States into its own country. Thomas Thomas Jefferson - 3rd President of the United StatesCredit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_Jefferson_by_Rembrandt_Peale,_1800.jpgJefferson had the privilege of signing the Declaration of Independence itself.  Jefferson went on to be the 3rd President of the country that he helped to create.

Thomas Jefferson Early Childhood

He was born the 3rd child to Jane and Peyton Randolph, with a total of 9 siblings. When he was nine, he studied Latin, French, and Greek under a Minister by the name of James Maury, and also learned about History and Science. When he was 16, he went to The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg. While there he studied Mathematics, Philosophy, and metaphysics. On New Years day, 1772, Thomas Jefferson married Martha Wayles Skelton. They had six children, though only their eldest survived past the age of 25.

Thomas Jefferson In Politics

In 1775, Jefferson served as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress, who was a group of men from the 13 colonies who acted as the Government during the Revolutionary War. They succeeded the First Continental Congress. Inside this group of people, 5 people became a committee tasked with to come up with the Declaration. After coming up with an outline, the Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration Of IndependenceCredit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Declaration_independence.jpgcommittee had to assign someone the task to write the first draft of the Declaration of Independence.  Most of the members of the committee thought that John Adams, one of the committee members should have the honor.  However, Adams convinced them that Jefferson would be better suited for the job.

After the first draft was written, changes were made, of course, not all of them were liked by Jefferson. The Declaration was declared finished on July 4, and was signed by the Congress. Jefferson was able to use his title as writer of the Declaration of Independence in the future, to further advance his political career. 

Jefferson served as the Governor of Virginia from 1779 to 1781. Jefferson was not the best Governor, and he admitted that himself.  He was criticized for not taking actions and it was felt that the failure led to additional casualties in war. He declined re-election.

Thomas Jefferson Accomplishments During Presidency

Jefferson ran for president 3 times. The first time, in the election of 1796, He lost the election but was given the title of Vice President due to the way the Constitution and the Presidential election worked at that time. 

When he ran for president again in 1800, the election ended in a tie between Jefferson and Aaron Burr.  The House of Representatives were called upon to break the tie and voted in favor of Jefferson.  He was re-elected again in 1804, during a time when England and France were at war. Jefferson didn't wish to take part in that conflict, though not everybody appreciated his choice.

A few interesting things happened during Jefferson's presidency. One of which was the Louisiana Purchase. At first, the United States was only made up of 13 states, but the United States purchased an area of land pretty much as big as themselves for the price of $15 million dollars.  

The Lewis and Clark expedition also took place. Its purpose was to explore and map out the new land beyond the Louisiana Territory.  This was the first official American military foray to the Pacific Coast.  Trappers, explorers and traders had been into the land, but the information from them was sketchy and limited.  Jefferson was hoping to explore and claim the land to the Pacific Coast before the Europeans countries could come in and do so.

Following the advice of George Washington and others, Jefferson managed to get Congress to pass the Military Peace Establishment Act, authorizing the funding and building og West Point in New York, to provide well-trained officers for the army. 

Thomas Jefferson believed in and pursued a course of assimilation with the Indian tribes located in United States.  He believed that the tribes should give up their history and culture, and adopt the culture of the US and Europe.  The alternative to assimilation was to move west out of the settled U.S.

During the Napoleonic Wars starting in 1803, Jefferson urged neutrality and signed the Embargo Act in 1807.  He hoped to avoid the war, but ironically Thomas Jefferson’s embargo in 1807 had the opposite effect of stifling of trade and ended up in a financial mess for the United States on one hand, and the regular ignoring of the embargo showed that the United States was helpless to prevent flouting of the law.

Thomas Jefferson retired after the end of his presidency, but continued to be busy in his personal life.  He worked to establish the University of Virginia, and the University was founded in 1919.  Jefferson had a passion for the Library of Congress.  The library was established in 1800, but was mostly destroyed in the War of 1812.  In 1815 Jefferson sold his entire book collection of over 6,400 books to the library to help with its re-establishment. 

In his personal life, Jefferson liked to tinker, and is also well know as in inventor.  He liked to take the products of others and improve on them, as is shown by his work on the plow, his invention of a spherical sundial, and his Great Clock.  He also is credited with the invention of macaroni and cheese and a macaroni extruding device. 

Jefferson died on July 4, 1826, the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.  Coincidently, John Adams also died a few hours later on the same day. 

Thomas Jefferson EpitaphCredit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_Jefferson%27s_Grave_Site.jpgThe tomb of Thomas Jefferson bears the epitaph written by him and reads:





Thomas Jefferson accomplishments helped found the ideals our country runs on today, as he was responsible for the Declaration of Independence at the county’s beginnings.  We owe him and the other founding fathers a debt of gratitude.