One of the biggest challenges of the 21st century facing the human race is climate change. This climate change has been shown to be a result of carbon emissions caused by our activities as humans. These emissions come from procedures in industry and domestic activities  In this article I will focus on some tips to help you reduce your carbon footprint. Much of this may seem obvious to you, and I hope it does. Some of us still need encouragement though, and these tips are a good first step.

Drivers are a large contributor to climate change but it is possible to reduce fuel consumption and therefore carbon emissions. here are some tips for drivers.

1: Keep your tyres at the correct pressure. If your tyres are under inflated then your car will be harder to push along. This will mean that the engine has to work harder and so will burn more fuel. Over inflation of tyres should be avoided because the tyre will not grip the road efficiently enough. The correct pressure for your tyres can be found in your car's manual.

2: Use engine cleaner. You will find these in your petrol station or at a car accessory store and if you have never used one you will be very pleased with the increased power of your engine. All you do is add the appropriate amount to a tank of fuel. They are available for both diesel and petrol engines. They will also allow your engine to burn fuel more effectively meaning that your emissions are lower. The cleaner your engine, the cleaner your exhaust.

Even if you do not drive you can still make a difference. The one delightful side effect of reducing your carbon emissions is that you save money. In these times of global austerity every penny counts. The following tips are for everyone .

1: Buy local produce. If you make sure that an increased amount of your weekly grocery shopping is locally sourced you reduce the distance that food travels in the food chain.

3: Use energy efficiently. Anyone who pays an electric bill knows that wasting electricity is no laughing matter. If you have portable devices make sure that chargers are only plugged in when they are actually charging a device. DVD players and VCR's are usually left plugged in unnecessarily and computers are no better. These devices contain transformers which change the voltage form the mains to a usable one, transformers are a constant load on a circuit even if the device that they power is not being used. Unplugging them stops this wasted load.

4: Grow your own. Growing vegetables can be fun and can be done with the smallest of spaces including a window box. In limited places high yield plants such as spinach and lettuce supply free salads for most of spring and summer. Artificial soils are available to those who do not like the idea of bringing compost indoors but if you go down this route you will need to do some in depth reading on how to properly nourish the plants.

5: Recycle. This is a very important part of reducing your carbon footprint. The simple way of putting it is that the more materials that are used again, the less materials we need to produce. Many town councils now make recycling mandatory and ask us to separate our waste into different bins. If your area does not do this then there are still ways that you can recycle too. You could build a compost heap and claim back the nutrients from your food waste. This in turn could be used on your own vegetables. Metal cans and containers are readily recyclable, as are glass bottles and jars. If you are unsure about a particular item, it may have a mark on it which says whether it is recyclable or not.

These tips are very general, but if you take a hard look at your home and your car I bet that you could find something on this list that has become neglected. I hope you have enjoyed this article and remember, reducing carbon emissions may also reduce your money emissions too.