Today in History

February 1st

1327 Edward III. Today in history, Edward III of Windsor was crowned King of England after the disposition of his father by his mother Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer. Due to the fact he was a minor Isabella and Roger Mortimer acted regents with Mortimer as the de facto ruler of England. After years of humiliation from his mother’s lover, King Edward III got his revenge when he became of age by having Mortimer executed and Isabella exiled. He ruled the kingdom for 50 years with many accomplishments and on June 21, 1377, he died of a stroke.

1587 The Lost Colony. Today in history, Sir Walter Raleigh established a settlement of colonist on Roanoke Island under the governance of John White. After some time had passed John White was forced to return to England in pursuit of supplies for the colonist. A war had broken out between England and Spain during the time of his departure. His ships along with all other vessel were confiscated for the war effort. Upon returning in 1590 he found no sign of the settlers. The only thing left was a preplanned carving in a tree in case of danger. This carving read CROATOAN which led him to theorize that the friendly Croatan natives to the south had took them an incorporated them into their tribe. Due to inclement weather, he never sailed over to the Island. No one ever really knew what became of the colonist, hence the name “The Lost Colony”.

1790 The Supreme Court. Today in history, the United States Supreme Court held it’s very first session in New York City which at that time was the nation‘s capital from 1785 until 1790. The Supreme Court assembled in the Merchant’s Exchange Building. Later that year Philadelphia became the capital, and the Supreme Court moved to that location and convened in Independence Hall. After Washington DC became the capitol of the United States, the Supreme Court relocated there. The courthouse stands today across the street from the United States Capitol.

1814 The Mayon Volcanic Eruption. Today in history, the Mayon Volcano eruption killed over 1,200 Philippines. The Mayon Volcano is an active stratovolcano that has had 49 recorded eruptions to date. In 1814, Mount Mayon erupted and spewed stone, lava, and ash down on the residents of the town of Cagsawa. The only thing left standing was the remains of a burnt church that over 200 people took refuge in and perished.

1865 Thirteenth Amendment. Today in history, Abraham Lincoln signed the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. With what had begun with the Emancipation of Proclamation eventually established the Thirteenth Amendment which officially abolished slavery and servitude.

"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."

1979 The Ayatollah Khomeini. Today in history the Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Tehran after almost fifteen years in exile. Khomeini was an Iranian religious leader and political figure who supported the Iran hostage crisis, and he was the leader of the Revolution that saw to the overthrow of the Shaw of Iran.

2003 Space Shuttle Columbia. Today in History, during it’s re-entry into the earth’s atmosphere, the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated over Texas killing all seven members of it’s crew. During the launch of the Space Shuttle, a piece of foam insulation broke off the main propellant tank and hit a thermal protection system that was located on the left wing. Because this protection system was damaged hot gases ultimately destroyed the integrity of the wing causing the craft to break apart in-flight.