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Today in History: November 22

By Edited Feb 8, 2016 0 0

There are numerous famous events that have occurred on this day in history. A notorious pirate was killed and a beloved President was assassinated. Cities were founded, and famous compositions premiered. On this day a champion was discovered, and animals were given a voice that is now heard around the world.

In 1718, British pirate Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard, was killed off of the North Carolina coast. Edward Teach's early years and his actually lineage is relatively unknown, however, in 1716, he banned together with pirate Benjamin Hornigold, and they planted their base of operations off the empty island of New Providence. After Hornigold chose to receive a pardon to pirates that was being offered at the time, they parted ways. Blackbeard acts of piracy continued until he commanded several ships his crew grew mighty and strong. His favorite anchorage became the Ocracoke Inlet. After hearing about a gathering of the famous pirates which included Blackbeard, Israel Hands, Robert Deal, and Calico Jack, the head of the Governor of Virginia Alexander Spotswood ordered the capture of Blackbeard. He ordered Captains Gordon and Brands of the HMS Pearl and the HMS Lyme to capture him for a large reward from Virginia, exceeding the reward that was being offered by the Crown. Robert Maynard of the HMS Pearl and his men battled with Blackbeard and his crew. Blackbeard was killed him off Ocracoke island. He was decapitated and his body tossed overboard. His head was mounted onto the bowsprit of Maynard's sloop. This was tradition to display the head in those days in order to collect the bounty.

In 1858, Denver Colorado was founded. The original name of the city was known as Montana City, and it was established in the summer of that year by gold prospectors during the Pikes Peak Gold Rush. By the beginning of the winter it had been abandoned in favor of another mining town. On November the 22nd, General William Larimer laid claim to the town and named it after what he thought was the current Governor of Colorado in order to gain favor from him. Little did he know that James W. Denver has previously resigned his seat. In 1861, Colorado Territory was created and Denver City was incorporated. In 1867, Denver City became the Territorial Capital and it's name was shortened to Denver. In 1876, Colorado was admitted to the Union.

In 1928, one of Maurice Ravel's last musical undertaking and most famous composition, Bolero, was performed at the Paris Opera. The original name of the piece was called Fandango. A conductor by the name of Arturo Toscanini along with the New York Philharmonic gave the U.S. premiere of Bolero, which along with the upbeat of the Tempo was later known as the Toscanini affair. This was due to the fact that Ravel did not appreciate the change of the tempo. Later, this issue was resolved subsequently leading to even greater notoriety of the piece.

In 1954, a journalist by the name of Fred Myers and three other people founded the Humane Society of the United States. It has become the largest non-profit animal advocacy in the world and it operates on a national level. It is governed by 27 member, independent Board of Directors. They volunteer their time in lieu of no compensation. Their organization is funded by dues, contributions, grants, and bequest. Some of their programs receive a small amount of federal funding. This group functions primarily as lobbyist and it provides education about how to resolve animal welfare. It also addresses animal cruelty.

In 1963, John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States was assassinated while riding in his motorcade in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the assassination, but never stood trail. He was killed by Jack Ruby two days later. Although, he was tried and convicted, Ruby appealed and overturn his conviction avoiding the death penalty. A few years later he died of cancer. President Kennedy was a much loved and greatly missed President, and he was remembered for his most famous saying," Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country," in his inaugural address.

In 1986, Mike Tyson, an American boxer became the youngest undisputed heavyweight champion in the world at the age of 20. Known as "Iron Mike," he defeated Trevor Berbick for the World Boxing Council heavyweight championship by a technical knockout in the second round giving him the reputation as the one of the greatest heavyweight boxers of all time.

Using nothing but computer generated imagery in 1995, an American animated full length feature film, Toy Story was created and released on November 22nd. It remained in the theaters for 37 weeks. On a $30 million budget with a staff of 110, of which 27 were animators, and 400 computer models, the film was born. It grossed $361 million worldwide, and their second sequel, Toy Story 3, has grossed $1 billion. Due to the significance of this event the movie was selected into the National Film Registry.

Today November 22,2010, at least 339 people were killed in Cambodia on the winding down of what was the last day of the water festival. A stampede began after some people got electrocuted on a bridge that connected Phnom Penh to Diamond Island. Of the 339 killed, at least 240 were women. The victim either drowned in the Tonle Sap lake or they were trampled to death by the crowd.




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