Five Extreme and Dangerous Sports
For those of you out there who find regular sport activities a little too boring and mundane, here is a look at some extremely dangerous sports across the globe that are sure to get your heart pumping.
B.A.S.E stands for Building, Antennae, Span and Earth, outlining the objects that participants of this sport jump from with a parachute. B.A.S.E Jumping is illegal in many parts of the world, as participates have to trespass to reach their jump sites, including skyscrapers, electrical towers, bridges and cliffs.
B.A.S.E Jumping differs from Sky Diving in that it is performed at severely lower altitudes, which affects the jumper’s aerodynamics and control of the parachute, also severely limiting their overall free fall and parachuting time. Furthermore, because the B.A.S.E Jumpers are jumping off objects in populated areas, their landing zones are reduced in area compared with sky divers.
This extremely dangerous recreational activity accounts for multiple fatalities annually, with a report in 2002 estimating one fatality per sixty participants.
Reaching insane speeds of up to 100 mph, or 160 kph, Street Luge involves riding a specially designed sled which looks like an oversized skateboard, down a paved course, utilising the gravity of the downhill nature of the track.
Street Luge was invented in California when skateboarders realised they could reach faster speeds when they were lying down on their skateboards. Because the sport involves such high impact crashes, riders must wear hard-shelled helmets, goggles and a chin protector, as well as a racing suit and gloves made from leather or Kevlar, a material used by military personal for body armour.
Considered to be the "most dangerous eight second in sports" bull riding is a rodeo sport that involves a rider attempting to stay on the back of a large bucking bull for eight seconds. The rider only has a braided rope to hold on to, which they must hold on to with only one hand.
The symbolic nature and idea of 'bull leaping' stems from the Minoan Culture, where bulls were worshiped and revered.
Rodeo bull riding was invented in 1864 when cowboys use to settle disputes by seeing who could ride a bucking bull the longest. Points are awarded to both the rider and the bull, based on the bull's power, speed, agility and bucking, and the rider's overall control and rhythm, as well as if the rider stays on for the eight seconds. Bullfighters, also known as 'Rodeo Clowns', are on hand to distract the bull once the ride has ended to protect the rider so they can get out of the arena.
Critics of Bull Riding include animal rights activists who disagree with the use of equipment such as straps and spurs that encourage the bull to buck. Activists view this as animal cruelty. Furthermore, Bull riding has the highest rate of injury of any rodeo sport, accounting for around 50% of all injuries to rodeo riders. The bullfighters also have the highest injury rate of any non-contestant group in any sport.
Combining two already dangerous recreational activities - caving and scuba diving - Cave Diving involves divers exploring underwater caves. There are many dangerous hazards involved in cave diving, that can result easily result in death.
Cave Diving is known as penetration diving, whereby if the diver encounters an emergency, they cannot simply swim to the surface as you would with normal scuba diving, but instead head all the way back to the start of the cave. Also, cave divers can become confused and lost within the caves, with low visibility and multiple caves and tunnels. Divers can become stuck in small tunnels or caves, or find themselves lost or unable to get out of the caves, leading to drowning. Furthermore, there can be strong currents through the caves, which can be deadly for the diver.
Jacques-Yves Cousteau was the world's first cave diver, as well as the world's first scuba diver, as he was the co-inventor of the first scuba equipment. In 1935, the Cave Diving Group (CDG) was officially established in the UK to organise training and equipment for the exploration of flooded caves in Somerset.
Today, through documentaries, cave divers have increased popularity and public awareness of the training, explorations and conservation of diving in underwater caves.
Heli-Skiing involves taking a helicopter up to remote and extreme snow-covered mountains, jumping out of the helicopter, and skiing down to the bottom of the mountain. This differs from normal skiing, as the remote nature of the trail means that it is only assessable by helicopter, making the trail run pristine, as it has untouched, smooth, clean snow, and a longer descent to the bottom.
The main hazards with Heli-Skiing include avalanches, glaciers, deep hidden tranches or rocks.