The city of Salzburg is best known as the birthplace of the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, while the Old Town of Salzburg was designated as UNESCO World Heritage site for its splendid ecclesiastical as well as civic architecture. The main tourist attraction in Salzburg is the Mozart's Birthplace but this article focuses on other sites which are also worth visiting next to the museum that is dedicated to the celebrated composer.
The Salzburg Cathedral is a beautiful Baroque cathedral which is located in the heart of the Old Town of Salzburg. The cathedral's history dates to the 8th century but the original church was rebuilt many times over the following centuries and got its today's Baroque appearance in the 17th century after a devastating fire in 1598. It was partially destroyed during World War II but it was beautifully restored in the 1950's. The Salzburg Cathedral is also known as the site of Mozart's baptism and still contains the baptismal font in which the famous composer was baptized.
The city of Salzburg is dominated by the Hohensalzburg Castle which sits atop the Festungsberg above the city. The castle which dates to the 11th century is one of the largest European medieval castles. It was owned by the prince-archbishops of Salzburg. Today, the Hohensalzburg Castle serves as a museum and is open to the public. The Hohensalzburg Castle also offers a spectacular panoramic view of the city of Salzburg.
Mirabell Palace and Gardens
The Mirabell Palace is a spectacular Baroque palace that was built by Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg in the early 17th century. The palace got its today's appearance in the 1720's when it was redesigned by Prince-Archbishop Franz Anton von Harrach. The beautiful Mirabell Gardens were redesigned in its today's geometrically-arranged style in 1730, while the four sculptures around the fountain symbolizing water, fire, earth and air were sculptured by Ottavio Mosto in 1690.
The main tourist attraction in Salzburg is the Mozart's Birthplace but the city is also renowned for splendid ecclesiastical and civic architecture. The Hohensalzburg Castle, Salzburg Cathedral, and Mirabell Palace and Gardens are only three of many other sites in Salzburg which are worth visiting besides the Mozart's Birthplace.