Topaz stones are considered to belong to the class of silicate material. Apart from silicon and oxygen, their structure is built up by aluminum and fluorine atoms. Topaz crystallizes in various orthorhombic forms frequently terminated at both ends by pyramids. The name topaz is thought to have developed from the name of an island in the Red Sea where some type of yellow topaz-like stones had been dug up. Since historically topaz was discovered much later, these stones were actually a variation of yellow olivine. Nevertheless, for a long time the name topaz was used for many types of yellow crystals.

The most perfect form of topaz is its transparent variation. Pure, clean topaz is the most recommended variation for any kind of metaphysical practice. But in reality we can seldom obtain topaz stones without impurities and imperfections. Besides, the foreign atoms introduced in the topaz crystal are producing diverse color shades of this stone. Typical topaz specimens are for the most part yellowish but they can also be white, gray, golden, blue, and red. If subjected to radiation, topaz can convert its color to blue. The blue topaz gemstone possesses really a huge number of hues in the range from light bluish shades to dark, electric blue shades, that is, from clean ice blue to a sort of smoky, cobalt or aquamarine blue. The deep golden-yellow topaz is called imperial topaz. The transparent topaz is frequently referred to as white or clear topaz.

As indicated in the previous paragraph , topaz is a gemstone that very often needs to be treated to get the desired colors. Apart from the blue nuance, lately there are artificially produced pink, mango, and neptune blue gems, as well as a variation which gives a rainbow of colors within the same crystal. Due to the demand for the other colors, the cost of the white topaz specimens required to produce colored topaz gemstones has recently climbed up considerably.

The average hardness of topaz stones ranks 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale. This means that they are reasonably long-lasting, which is important when it comes to jewelry production. However, you should be careful not to drop your topaz jewelry, since it may crack or chip due to strains in the internal structure. But, day-to-day wear is quite OK. Topaz crystal of gemstone quality can catch and reflects light no different than a delicately faceted diamond. However, if your topaz necklace, rings, or earrings are made out of blue topaz, the deep and rich nuances of this gemstone might not be best matched with diamonds. If combined with other semi precious or precious stones, another darker set of gemstones might be needed.

In the metaphysical sense, topaz is a stone of accuracy, information and forgiveness. As a token of celibacy, genuine friendly relationships and trust, it aids in discovering our true guidance and our true fortune. Topaz is capable of making us aware of our ideas, feelings and accomplishments to a greater extent. This also means making us more aware of the karmic consequences of our deeds. Topaz is therefore capable of triggering our universal consciousness by getting rid of the blocked energies. This stone directs the energies of our subtle bodies to those layers where they are most required. The therapeutic and healing powers of topaz match its spiritual and meditative abilities. This wondrous stone is believed to promote rejuvenation of the whole human organism. It releases tension and promotes feelings of joy and happiness.