Austria is a great travel destination with plenty of natural and historical man-made beauty for any traveller to enjoy. To a lot of the world, however not much is known about Austria, and to fully appreciate its historical artefacts and buildings it is necessary to know at least a little bit about the country’s past to understand the value of the ancient buildings. Below are some of the most popular attractions in Austria and the history behind them that will fascinate you and help a tourist to appreciate the beauty in a different light.


Schönbrunn Palace

The palace is an architectural delight that is a must see for those visiting Austria for whatever reason. The whole complex will take at least a whole day to explore and make for a romantic day trip. Apart from being a major tourist attraction, the Palace and surrounding areas are like a crown jewel of the eight million strong nation of Austria. It served as a vacation house and its decor was contributed to by successive Roman Emperors and the monarchy of Austria who stayed there. The Roman influence is evident in many of the statues lining the courtyards that depict different Roman deities and virtues. Since the downfall of the Austrian monarchy system in 1918, the Palace became state property of the Austrian Republic. From that time the United Nations has put the gardens on its World Heritage List and the palace has served mainly symbolic and ceremonial functions. Walking around the palace grounds is much like walking through centuries of Austria’s history and should be one of the first attraction to visit to get a nice overview of the country.

Hohensalzburg Castle 

This is an ancient must-see item on the  Austria tour list, situated in the city of Salzburg. The Hohensalzburg Castle of Fortress looks like something out of a fairytale, sitting on top of the Festungsberg mountain with towering white pillars and walls. Ancient use of the castle between the 14th and 17th century was mainly as a defensive structure in wartimes and uprisings against the Austrian royalty. In modern times the castle as used to house some of Austria’s political dissidents such as the early supporters of the Nazi movement, but now it has been refurbished as a major tourist’s attraction. The interior of the castle has been touched up to preserve as much of the original historical materials. Outside, a splendid garden that might has been constructed that might even rival the Schönbrunn Palace’s surroundings. Travellers to Austria must judge for themselves.


If this is not enough to satisfy your cravings for historical artefacts and fascinating Medieval and period architecture then you can take a number of  historical tours of Austria to explore many more of the country’s treasures and museums. As Austria is part of the Schengen Agreement that makes it simpler to traverse between agreed countries, travelling to the bordering Germany or Italy are no problem and a great opportunity to experience a totally different culture.