Cimex lectularius is better known by the name of bedbug. These are small flightless pests that feed solely upon the blood of warm-blooded animals like human beings. They have various tinges ranging from brown to orange. Bedbugs are primarily active during night and are found especially under mattresses, cracks in timbers, behind wallpapers and in crevices of wooden furniture. They allegedly infest upon human beings at night during their sleep and have thus acquired such a name. Due to the usage of pesticides and DDTs bedbugs were almost freed off the surface of the earth but reappeared after such pesticides were stopped from use due to their adverse effect on health and environment.

Treating bedbugs is now carried out by usage of chemicals and insecticides that have been doctored especially for their control. Today the pest control measures are taken specifically against certain species. The bedbugs are least targeted by these pesticides. The focus mainly lies with termites and cockroaches. Thus the bedbugs have thrived and have returned from the brink of extinction. The bedbugs are able to move between the jutes and luggage easily. Therefore they can eventually slip into any place.

Some bedbug species have developed immunity against pyrethroid insecticides. Due to this reason there is a growing interest towards both synthetic pyrethroid and pyrrole insecticide chlorenapyr. The insect growth regulators like Gentrol are sometimes used for treatment of bedbugs. Cimicosis is a skin disorder caused due to bedbug bites. The bedbugs tend to bite a person in his sleep and thus quite often these inflammations caused due to bug bites are overlooked. Serious bedbug attacks cause stress, insomnia and anxiety. The application of warm water has a soothing effect on the inflammations caused by bedbug bites. It has been observed that while treating bedbug bites with warm water there is a soothing effect on the patient.

Black Cohosh is one of the plants which have been traditionally used as bedbug repellants. There have been many traditional methods that have been implemented to control bedbug infestations including spreading of dust and ash.

Bedbugs do not generally transmit any disease and their bites are not felt either in most cases. The bites are treated with corticosteroids. Nowadays most pest control companies are well equipped in treating the bedbug infestations and it is generally advised to clean up their breeding grounds before any serious health hazard crops up.