Understanding and Knowing Treatment for Knee Joint Pain

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Knee joint pain is one of the most common disorders of the musculoskeletal system. According to one statistics, there are millions of people who suffer from the pain in the joint. This has caused a great deal of money spent to medication and surgeries. This does not include the amount of money that is lost for absences in work and decreased work performance. With this in mind, it is only logical for us to explore more about knee joint pain.

Overview of the Knee Joint Pain

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The knees basically have three compartments which are the medial, lateral, and the patellofemoral. The knee joins the thigh and leg and allows for a certain range of motion. With the help of the knee, we are able to perform movements such as standing, running, jumping, and sitting. There are many causative factors that were identified that might lead to knee joint pain.

  • Injury
  • Trauma
  • Aging
  • Degenerative condition
  • Arthritis
  • Infection
  • Malignancy
  • Gout
  • Baker cyst
  • Pallegrini-Stieda syndrome
  • Chondromalacia
  • Bursitis of the knee
  • Tumors
  • Other disease processes


Diagnostic Procedures and other Laboratory Tests

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The most common diagnostic procedure for knee joint pain is X-ray. This will help detect bone fractures, inflammation, and other degenerative conditions. Another means for establishing a diagnosis is the Computerized tomography (CT) scan. With the help of a dye, a cross-sectional image of the knee can be taken. CT scan is more accurate and has a greater capability of detecting health problems. Ultrasound can also be used. By utilizing sound waves, it can give real-time imaging of the knee. Lastly, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to create three dimensional image of the knee.


Treatment for Knee Joint Pain

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Treatment may vary depending upon the cause, extent, and manifestations. Treatment will be started with conservative medical procedures. The first options will be non-invasive in nature. These include physical therapy, occupational therapy, bracing, and arch supports. If these procedures are not enough, medication can be given as an adjunct treatment. Anti-inflammatory drugs such as NSAIDS and corticosteroids can be prescribed. Drugs can relieve signs and symptoms and may stop reoccurrence of the knee joint pain. Hyaluronic acid can also be used to repair damaged knee joint.

If all else failed, surgery will be recommended by the physician. Surgery can be expensive and may raise various concerns among the client and significant others. Often times, surgery is not immediately needed. This will give an individual more time to weigh the pros and cons of surgery. The most common surgical procedures are the arthroscopic surgery, partial knee replacement surgery, and total knee replacement.

Summary of Pain in the Knee Joint

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Knee pain injury is can be very inconvenient. It can affect activities of daily living and can be a source of frustration. Upon consultation with a doctor, various examinations and diagnostic procedures will be performed to identify the right course of action.