You will need to retain the freshness of the seeds to be able to facilitate correct germination. That is why you should store our plant seeds in a refrigerator specifically for this purpose. Thus, in order to sustain their quality until you are ready to start the germination process, you are able to keep the seeds inside a plastic bag and you can place the seeds inside the vegetable drawer of the refrigerator.
Once you are all set to germinate the seeds, there are generally two (2) germination techniques: natural germination or forced germination.
Natural germination: Sow seeds outside in autumn. Overwintering your seeds will achieve each of the required normal processes seeds need to germinate. Next spring, you should have sprouted seeds.
Using forced germination, you are accomplishing the germination process artificially. Thus, you'll want to follow the steps listed below. Every seed is unique. Although most of them require three (3) actions. A few types may need extra steps while others might require less. These actions are: the scarification, the stratification and sowing.
1 - Scarification
Each and every seed has a shell around the live inner part. Some are harder than others. The goal of the scarification procedure is to soften the shell and allow water to get to the internal part of the seed. You can scarify the seeds by placing them in water, usually a cup or perhaps a dish, for a duration of twenty four (24) to forty-eight (48) hours. The standard is the use of warm water. Some seeds need boiling hot water while some call for water at room temperature. Normally, the viable seeds will drown after the twenty four (24) hour period while others will float on top. If you can still find seeds drifting after the forty eight (48) hour period, you can dispose of them as they are bare seeds. Once finished, you are prepared to start the next phase (please be aware that specific seeds require that you move forward directly to the 3rd stage).
2 - Cold Stratification
The next step is the cold stratification phase. This step is where all of the miracles of nature occur. Naturally, most of the seeds fall from the trees during autumn. Consequently, seeds spend the winter period under cooler climate permitting the chemical inside the seeds to develop and induce the germination process when the ideal temperature is reached in spring. During the forced germination approach, you attempt to recreate a bitter winter period. In order to accomplish this approach, make use of the following materials:
Plastic Ziplock bag
Fold the paper towel into two and dampen with water. It should not be still dripping wet but moist. Put your seeds onto the moist paper towel and fold it across the seeds. Place the paper towel together with the seeds in the ziplock plastic bag and store them in your fridge for a period ranging from thirty (30) to one hundred and twenty (120) days. It's recommended that you check your seeds every thirty (30) days in order to prevent rot and permit for proper air flow. Additionally, you will look for germinated seeds. If this is so, go ahead and take germinated seeds and proceed to the next phase. Otherwise, wait the required period then proceed to the next phase.
3 - Sowing
Sowing may be achieved in the ground or in a pot. You may use any dirt suited to planting and growing. Make a small opening in the dirt (roughly half (1/2) an inch deep), place the seed inside the hole and cover it with a few millimeters of dirt. Keep the soil moist.
Extra actions for certain species
If you choose to germinate the seeds via the forced germination method, you may be forced to carry out this additional action. This task happens before the cold stratification. All you've got to do is get the seeds to normal room temperature for thirty (30) to ninety (90) days. This is called heat stratification and is achieved by leaving the seeds uncovered in a plate on the desk. Once you have achieved this step, you resume with cold stratification.