Learning more about Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes symptoms and treatments

Type 1 diabetes mostly affects younger people and is less common than type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes mostly starts before the age of forty, even though there are some exceptions. In U.S, the peak age of this disease diagnosis is around fourteen.

This type of diabetes is mainly connected to lack of insulin. The reason is that the pancreatic islet cells stop making insulin in the quantities required to sustain a normal blood sugar levels. With lack of insulin, blood sugar levels raise and cause some hyperglycemia symptoms.

People with these symptoms look for medical help, but they frequently experience weight loss due to their diabetes problem. The beginning of these symptoms may be fast or in a steady rate.

Type 1 diabetes symptoms and treatments:

Increased need for liquids and recurrent urination

Excess build up of sugar in bloodstream results in fluid pull out from tissues. This makes the person thirsty. Therefore, the person ends up drinking more fluids and urinating more than usual. 

Excessive hunger

Due to the lack of insulin for moving sugar into the cells, body muscles and organs happen to be washed-out of energy. This causes extreme hunger that may continue even after eating. Due to the lack of insulin, the sugar in the food never get to energy -starved tissues. 

Loss of weight

Even after eating more than normal to ease hunger, the person may lose weight and sometimes quickly. If there is no supply of energy sugar, the tissues in the muscles and stored fat in the body may just reduce in size. Tiredness and irritabilityIf the cells in the body are sugar deprived, the person becomes irritable and tired. 

Blurred vision

If levels of blood sugar are too high, then fluid from the body may be pulled out from the tissues, including the eye lenses. This may cause damage to the eyes. 

The person with type 1 diabetes should be given insulin for treatment. It consists of insulin injection given below the skin or in the fat to get it absorbed into the blood so that it can enter all the body cells that need it. One should not take insulin in the pill form because stomach juices destroy the insulin before it starts working.

Insulin is nothing but a hormone and a protein, which can be easily destroyed by the stomach acids.  Even if the stomach acids do not destroy the insulin, the digestive enzymes can digest the insulin protein.

Research is going on to find new methods for giving insulin. At present, the most common method used to give insulin is the insulin shots. There are also new developments on insulin pumps, which are being tested.