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What Are All The Possible Types of Engineering Careers Available?

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All the Types of Engineering Available

Are you looking to become an engineer? Do you know what type of engineering that you would like to get into? Do you even know the types of engineering are available? Please join me as I explore the options. For each option we will look at what they involve, the fields they allow you to work in and what the salary outlook is.

Types of Engineering -Chemical


Chemical Engineering "deals with the use and transformation of materials and energy"[2]. This discipline is heavy on chemistry, as the name suggests. Careers in this area tend to be in energy and materials and there are many opportunities in the energy industry given its growth. The median chemical engineer in Canada makes $63, 501 per year[3]

Types of Engineering - Civil


Civil engineers build infrastructure. Infrastructure can include roads, bridges and buildings, among other things [2]. There are also a few areas of specialization within the filed. These include structural, infrastructure management, water resources, transportation, geotechnical and mechanics engineering. In this profession you will generally work in anything ranging from urban planning to banking and business administration [2]. The salary for someone in this area of specialty is generally $61,263 per year [4].

Types of Engineering - Environmental


The focus for these professionals is treating air, water and soil so that it is sustainable [2]. Environmental engineers are similar to other disciplines that focus on the earth except they are more focused on solutions than observation.  Careers in this field include working either in the public or private sector in roles such as Policy and Decision Analyst or Senior Environmental Project Manager [5]. The medial pay in this field is $58,520 per year [6].


In this career path you are involved in designing and building computer hardware and software [2]. Essentially, this career is a combination of many of the applications of electrical and software fields of engineering. Some areas that you may work in include communication, robotics, health care or entertainment [2]. Personally, I know someone who works designing the systems that guide subway trains who is a Computer Engineer. The pay in this field is generally $52,194 annually [7]

Types of Engineering - Computer


This type of position involves working with electronic and electromagnetic design principles to design, test and build electronic devices of many kinds. With electrical engineering you will likely work in communication, manufacturing, computing or entertainment [2]. In this field the median pay is $63,800 per year [8].

Types of Engineering - Mechanical


This career path is the most broad based of all types of engineering. It deals with anything that moves, whether animate or inanimate [2]. What you would actually end up doing could be supervising machine operations, designing prototypes, technical and economical feasibility analysis or failure analysis [2]. The typical salary is $60,595 per annum [9]

Business Analyst Job Description


If you were in this career path you would be designing software programs on a high level and typically in large teams [2]. The demand in this field has increased dramatically over the past few years. With these credentials you could work designing software for anything from cars to planes to power plants [2]. The typical salary is $58,432 per year [10].

 There you have it, a summary of the most common types of engineering. As you can see they all have their specific functions and fields that they focus on. They also have their own unique opportunities. As engineering is a professional designation you will need to earn a degree from a recognized institution and the better the institution the better your job prospects will be.

The top three engineering schools in United States are the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University and University of California at Berkeley. The best schools in Canada are the University of Toronto, University of British Columbia and McGill University. I hope that this is helpful in your quest to choose the best engineering field for you. Most importantly, have fun.





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  1. "OSPE/ Mercer Employer Compensation Survey." Ontario Society of Professional Engineers. 28/08/2014 <Web >
  2. "Engineering." University of Waterloo . 28/08/2014 <Web >
  3. "Chemical Engineer Salary." Payscale. 28/08/2014 <Web >
  4. "Civil Engineer Salary." Payscale. 28/08/2014 <Web >
  5. "Eco Canada." Eco Canada. 28/08/2014 <Web >
  6. "Environmental Engineer Salary." PayScale. 28/08/2014 <Web >
  7. "Test/ Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer (Computer Software) Salary." PayScale. 28/08/2014 <Web >
  8. "Electrical Engineer Salary." PayScale. 28/08/2014 <Web >
  9. "Mechanical Engineer Salary." PayScale. 28/08/2014 <Web >
  10. "Software Engineer/ Developer/ Programmer Salary." PayScale. 28/08/2014 <Web >

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