Ergonomic office furniture can be sub-divided into the following categories: chairs, desks, computer equipment, and accessories. The study of ergonomics and its implementation into furniture is designed to keep the office worker working in his or her ideal body zone, which extends from above the knees to shoulder level to reduce the amount of bending or stooping required. It is designed to reduce joint discomfort, stress and repetitive motion injury to prevent worker fatigue and to promote productivity.
Ergonomic chairs are comfortable, well padded office chairs that can adjust in three different directions. The can adjust vertically to ensure that the worker's feet are comfortably set on the ground; horizontally to ensure that an office employee's back is firmly supported, and some office chairs have adjustable tilt to ensure that an employee is seated at an angle conducive to his or her needs. A good ergonomic office chair will provide support for all three regions of the back and may include a padded head rest for neck support.
Ergonomic office desks are offer fully adjustable height from being a seated workstation to a standing workstation. They attempt to maximize surface area to ensure needed supplies are within arms reach. They understand the needs of computers and are designed for computer towers to mount underneath on either leg. In addition these legs are hollow along with a hollow tray along the back edge of the desk to run computer wires and phone lines discreetly. Some ergonomic desks are also modular, meaning they can also be stacked next to each other in a variety of configurations if partnered work is needed.
The two most common ergonomic computer accessories are the ergonomic keyboard and the ergonomic mouse. Both are designed to hold the hands and fingers at a particular angle to reduce pressure on the carpal tunnel and promote ease of motion. Very important for anyone doing data entry.
Related to ergonomics are other accessories designed to reduce eye strain. Some monitors can be fitted with anti-glare screens to reduce eye strain. Other devices include a document holder with a line reader. The holder keeps a document in a vertical position while the line reader keeps the eyes focused on one line at a time, also reducing eye strain.
Though there are many other aspects to ergonomic office equipment these are among the most common. Investing in ergonomic office furniture whether for yourself or an entire office is an investment in the safety and well-being of those you work with.