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Types of Flooring Materials

By Edited Oct 11, 2015 0 0

Choose The Perfect Flooring For Your Home

After the exterior of your home is completed and also having covered stages like applying wall coverings and painting, you are ready to begin installing the flooring materials for your home.  If you already have an existing home and need to replace your carpet, tile or laminate, this discussion of types of flooring materials will cover your flooring choices as well whether you are looking for carpet, laminate floor ideas or hardwood flooring.

If you are an active person who would like to get involved in the process of finishing a custom house, talk to your contractor and flooring subcontractor so that you can participate in it. Installing flooring should be one of the final steps in building a house.  Before actually beginning to lay the floor, make sure the job site has been cleaned and that traffic paths have been set so that the new floors won’t get dirty. Any rough spots or plaster should be eliminated as a preliminary stage of flooring installation. Your contractor may set a waterproof vapor barrier depending on the type of materials used for the task and on the location of the subfloor.

Perfect Flooring Material Choices

Hardwood Flooring

Now let us take a look at what options a homeowner has in terms of types of flooring materials. The first one would be represented by wood. Due to their aesthetic aspect, wood floors are often chosen as favorite. Furthermore, the process of installation is relatively simple and the related subcontractors will move briskly through the process.

The first thing to do is to measure and cut straight planks which are then glued or nailed into place. When working with wood, one easy to install option is tongue-and-groove flooring, which gets its name from the protruding wood on one side of the board which fits into the slot on the other side of the board. It involves insetting the boards piece by piece and it creates 1⁄4-inch space alongside walls to allow for moisture expansion. A second option is parquet flooring (which implies the installation of the flooring materials with an inlaid design). In this case, the sub lays it down in 6-inch squares, which also generates the same breathing room.

A recommendation to be observed when dealing with such a task is to avoid laying hardwood floors in humid weather. Thus, you prevent gaps from appearing in the boards when the weather dries out and the flooring contracts. Have your flooring delivered to the house a few weeks earlier so that it has time to dry out. A good place to store it is the actual room in which it will be laid. This way, the moisture content is stabilized. Once the flooring has been laid, you might want to resort to sanding for its final finish.

Reclaimed wood, or wood which has been previously used and salvaged is an ideal choice for a green home and adds a distinctive quality to your home.

Laminate Floor Ideas

 A second flooring material option is laminate floors. Pergo and WilsonArt flooring are popular choices, which have gained wide appreciation due to their ease of installation, durability, and style diversity.  An example of Pergo flooring is pictured below.  There are models with the property of complete waterproofness and which come with lifetime guaranty. Others are amazingly accurate in their representations of wood and stone materials.

Depending on the material that the laminate floor imitates, its manufacturer determines the size and the shape of the panels. For stone imitations, the panels are usually square, whereas for wood imitations, they are similar to planking. Designed to interlock and to be applied with glue directly to the slab or subfloor, laminate panels are perfect for do-it-yourselfers.

Third on the list of flooring materials comes vinyl. Similar to laminates in what durability and versatility of style are concerned, vinyl floors are available in rolls or squares. Carefully plan out your patterns before installing vinyl flooring so that the panels correspond with the angles of walls and placement of doorways. Also use the manufacturer’s directions that come with the product itself so you don’t void its warranties.

Tile is the fourth option among the types of flooring materials to be considered.  Requiring serious skills and craftsmanship, the tiles need to be properly cut and spaced when being applied. Once you have shown the flooring subcontractor the desired pattern design, he then applies a sticky glue to a special, inflexible concrete-impregnated surface called Wonderboard (used to firm up a flexible wood floor). Next, the tiles are set in place with small plastic spacers to fix their position. After they are secured, the space in between the tiles is filled with a gritty colored material called grout.

When the floors have been installed, choosing a carpet is often the following step to take. In this respect, you are advised to buy the best padding you can afford. When installing carpet, it is stretched by being attached at the walls to a wood strip filled with tacks called a stretcher strip or tack strip.

After you choose the flooring materials and finish this operation, you can furnish the rooms, the final touch of the interior design phase. Selecting the perfect flooring from among the types of flooring materials available must be considered an important step of that phase




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