Teenage acne
Credit: Diariodaj, Wikimedia Common

Teenage acne is an inevitable phase in life. As you can observe, almost all people started having pimples and other skin outbreaks during their puberty years. Why is this so and how can you prevent this problem from re-occurring? There are actually several ways for you to prevent this skin condition from developing and re-occurring. But, the key to applying these methods efficiently is to understand the causes of your skin problem. By knowing and avoiding these causes, you can increase your chances of avoiding pimple formations. Furthermore, through this article you can also opt for the best treatment you can use. With that being said, here are necessary details you’ll need to know when it comes to teenage acne.

Common causes of teenage acne

Hormone imbalance is the primary cause of teenage acne. During puberty, several hormones are uncontrollably released. Testosterone, androgen and insulin growth factor-1 are some of the hormones that are typically raised during this phase of life. What happens now? Basically, this will lead to an oily skin due to overstimulation of your skin’s sebaceous glands. As you know, oily skin is not ideal. Too much oil can cause blockages to your skin's pores. This will eventually progress into a bacterial outbreak and inflammation especially when dead skin cells are present. 

Other factors such as the food you eat, medications you take and cosmetic products you wear can also cause teenage acne. While there are no evident facts relating certain kinds of foods as a cause of acne, it is still strongly recommended to eat a balanced diet for healthy skin. Medications on other hand such as prednisone, lithium and anti-epileptic drugs can trigger pimple breakouts. In addition to that, oily cosmetic products are also considered as a cause of blockages in your pores. Hence, one way to prevent acne outbreak is to avoid using medications and cosmetics that may trigger pimple formation.

Commonly used medications for teenage acne

When treating pimples, you can either opt for over-the-counter (OTC) drugs or consult a physician for prescription drugs. Typically, dermatologists will prescribe antimicrobial drugs either as an ointment, cream, soap or an oral preparation. Antibiotics, tretinoin and benzoyl peroxide are the most common medications prescribed for this skin condition. But, you can also use OTC drugs like salicylic acid and sulfur containing soaps.

When treating your pimple problems, always use synthetic drugs with precautions and as directed by your dermatologist. Overuse of topical medications can lead to skin irritations and dryness. You can also try using home remedies which are economical and effective. However, it is still best to consult a medical professional when dealing with teenage acne for the first time. Your skin is still delicate. If you use varying products for the first time, you increase the risk of worsening your current skin condition. Especially, if you don’t have enough information regarding these treatments. 

Preventive measures

To avoid re-occurrences of pimples, proper hygiene is imperative. However, it is not advisable to wash your face too often. As a rule of thumb, you can cleanse your face an utmost of twice per day. Of course, don’t forget to eat nutritious foods and drink plenty of water. If you are currently dealing with skin outbreaks, just let it be. Avoid pricking it. This will only lead to scarring. Remember, teenage acne is not cured overnight. It takes time, patience and  a good skin care regimen. 

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