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Universal Ideologies

By Edited Jan 30, 2016 1 0

Ideology, beliefs and systems

Liberalism

Political and social ideology, Liberalism developed during 17th and 19th century. The word liberalism had been given to freedom fighters by their political guards and their purpose was to demeans them. Its foundation was on the basis of that notion, It is said that the state has no right to intervene in public affairs. In this regard JS Mill was named that as a continental liberalism. It has replicated in other meanings, In politics this term used for Parliamentary form of government, freedom of speech, and most importantly freedom of press.

Liberalism
Credit: Public Domain, Gwydion M.Williams

Communism

A system based on this theory was held that there should be no rich or poor in this world rather everybody should have to work for the state so a person will be more cheerful and satisfied with his/her life. It is an extremely difficult form of Socialism. This means that everyone will be given work under eligibility and qualification, but the compensation will be given according to their needs. All production companies are property of the state and in Russia there is no concept to own something even a house. Those who advocate this ideology called Communist. This ideology is based on the teachings of Karl Marx. 

Communism
Credit: Public Domain, Author Mystic Politics

Internationalism

Internationalism in the current period is used in the sense that only a free independent states with their efforts and resources cannot meet public needs and to keep the people more prosperous states must work together with international organizations.

Proletarian

The term usually refers to poor and lower class people. Furthermore Karl Marx explains this term and have used it for labour class whether it be industrial or agricultural labours.

Titoism

It is a mutilated form of Lenanism. This doctrine was founded by former President of Slovak Republic Marshal Josip Broz Tito. In this ideology Tito had a little respect for constitution and recognized the control over industrial workers.

Capitalism

An economic system in which the means of production, distribution and exchange all in private ownership. This system was developed in England at the beginning of the industrial revolution. Britain is the first country in world which promoted Capitalism.

Capitalism
Credit: Creative Commons 3.0 Image

Feudalism

Under this system, all of land is owned by the king and he keeps a right to distribute it among people's.

Recommended Book

A look at the history of Communism

The Red Flag: A History of Communism
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It is a well known book about communism and I highly recommend you to read this. The author briefly explains a complete history of communism.

Socialism

In this system the means of production would be in national ownership and the work will be given to people's according to their ability and work compensation is paid according to the nature of work. Current socialism progressed between 1749 and 1849. In such kinds of system the interference of religion is about to non. It is only man's physical need which would take care of. 

There are many types of socialism, whom great scholars, politicians and intellectuals have endorsed.

Former Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was endorsed Islamic Socialism and its based was laid on four major principles. 

  • Islam is our religion.
  • Democracy is our policy.
  • Socialism is our economy.
  • Head of the power is peoples.

Imperialism

Its actual concept is "system of government that is running an emperor" or colonial expansion strategy. This term usually indicates expansion in political, military and economic boundaries.

Secularism

In Secularism religion is a personal matter of all citizen. Government does not care whether somebody believes in religion or not. Secular government is always neutral in terms of religion. Neither does he interfere to any religion nor religion allows intervention.

Recommended Book

System of Belief

Changing Belief Systems With NLP
Amazon Price: $27.95 $22.96 Buy Now
(price as of Jan 30, 2016)
In this book the author tells us how our beliefs influenced on our behavior.

Fascism

The movement founded by Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini in Italy. Mussolini says Fascism is action, reflection, and event. Even Fascism welcomed battle among states and also military operation because they believe it is a necessary evil.

Mussolini
Credit: Creative Commons 3.0 Images

Marxism

This system was founded (1818-1883) by the prominent German thinker Karl Marx and promoted by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin and Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin.

Absolutism

This ideology is the concept of absolute regime. However the concept of representation or voting does not exist.

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