Librium is the popular name for a generic medication chlordiazepoxide. It is similar to Valium in action. But it is commonly used as an effective detox agent for alcohol withdrawal. Normally doctors start very high doses in alcohol withdrawal and finally tail off the dose with time. It is also used in the management of anxiety and short-term relief of acute anxiety. Chlordiazepoxide is a long-acting drug.
Adverse effects of Librium
Some adverse effects are shared with Valium. The most common adverse effects are dizziness and drowsiness, which may continue for the next day. If the patient is taking Librium for alcohol withdrawal, chances are high that he or she is taking high doses of the drug. This makes the serious adverse effects in patients taking the drug for alcohol withdrawal. This also makes operating machinery and driving very dangerous, patients should avoid them during the course material and at least three days after stopping the drug. Rarely excitement and aggression may occur (paradoxical excitement).
Confusion and ataxia (loss of control of total body movements) is also common. This usually manifests as a shock when the patient tries to move. Confusion and ataxia is common in elderly patients. It can also cause amnesia. Muscle weakness is also common.
If the patient continues to take the medicine for a long period so that patients can become addicted to the substance. This means having withdrawal symptoms after stopping the drug. But the potential for abuse is lower with chlordiazepoxide.
Sometimes patients may complain of headaches. This can be checked by taking over the counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen. Vertigo is another symptom that may occur occasionally.
Faintness sometimes can be caused by low blood pressure (hypotension), which is a side effect of chlordiazepoxide. Some patients have gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Some people get visual hallucinations, delusions, and various other visual disturbances, but they are very rare. Rarely, patients may develop urinary incontinence or urinary retention. Also rare blood disease that reduces the number of white blood cells may occur with Librium.
Librium must be used with caution in patients with hepatic impairment. There are also dangerous interactions with other depressants such as opiates.
Pregnancy and Librium
When using the medicine regularly during pregnancy, it may cause neonatal withdrawal syndrome, hypothermia, neonatal, neonatal hypotonia and neonatal respiratory depression. But it can be used if the risk of not use is higher than the adverse effects.
Breastfeeding and Librium
This medication is present in breast milk so avoid if possible.