Everyone experiences pain at some time in their lives but it is when it becomes chronic pain that it becomes a particularly serious issue.

Pain is usually described as chronic when it has continued for more than 6 months despite treatment. According to studies in the early part of the 21st century, chronic pain affects approximately 25% adults in the United States and 20% of adults in Europe and Australis.

Pain is caused by damage or disease to the skin, deep tissues, muscles, bones, internal organs or nervous system. On some occasions. In some cases it can be a mental reaction to an event which causes a physical response. The actual feeling associated with the pain varies depending on the cause and an individual's pain threshold. However it has been caused and whatever it feels like pain has a big impact on someone's quality of life and what they are able to do. Chronic pain can also be the cause of depression which further reduces the quality of life.

There are various treatments for chronic pain. These include surgery, exercise, physical therapy and treatments, devices that stimulate or block nerve signals, medication, relaxation and hypnosis and support groups. Whilst most people focus on physical ways to reduce the pain, such as physical treatment of the area or medication that creates a chemical pain block, having a mental approach to pain can be very beneficial.

A person's mental attitude to pain can reduce the negative aspects of it and improve a person's tolerance of pain. Pain is purely an electrical impulse until it gets to the brain so by changing the way someone reacts to that impulse it can change the way they react to pain. That doesn't mean that there will be no feeling at all, but the feeling will be one that is more acceptable to the person and one that won't cause discomfort.

Certain chemicals are natural pain killers so by improving a person's mental state they will be reducing the impact of their pain. When someone is able to relax more easily they will also be able to sleep more easily and sleep helps with physical healing, helps the mind to think more clearly and helps to improve the way people feel about themselves and life. Those improved feelings decrease the impact of the pain so improves the person's quality of life.

There are a variety of mental approaches that can be used to increase relaxation and help with pain reduction. These include yoga, meditation, Mindfulness, cognitive behaviour therapy and hypnosis. Some people will prefer one method over another. The use of the techniques won't necessarily remove the need for pain medication at all but should certainly help to reduce the dosage or improve its effectiveness.