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J.A.V.
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Lifestyle
by J.A.V.
8 years ago
GLOBAL TERROR: Globalization and Terrorism

Globalization has been the defining feature of the late twentieth century. [1] Thomas Friedman defines globalization as an ongoing process that "is the inexorable integration of markets, nation-states and technologies to a degree never witnessed before-in a way that is enabling individuals, corporations and nation-states to reach around the world farther, faster, deeper and cheaper than every before."[2] Likewise, Noam Chompsky expresses globalization as "just international integration."[3] Regardless of one's exact definition, globalization has lead to increased transactions across national borders, inter-connected financial markets and large-scale international migration.[4] "Everyday, trillions of dollars flow through the World's foreign exchange markets, which now exceeds $1.5 trillion."[5] The world economy has become more integrated than every before and this movement of trade, money and people is what has been the driving force. Throughout the 1990's, globalization paved the way for many positive phenomenon in the world. This international integration was a major proponent to end poverty, child mortality, totalitarianism, unemployment, war, genocide, environmental catastrophes, low wages, poor working conditions and gender inequality.[6] After the world trade center attack on September 11th and the train bombings in Spain, globalization may be revealing its darker side and pose a greater threat to the security of the world than was once perceived. This threat is due in large part to the fact that today; terrorists have become global actors and are using a combination of the fundamental principles of globalization like technological advances, loosening barriers, international trade, interchangeable currencies and the growing vulnerability of the integrated world to their advantage.

Lifestyle
by J.A.V.
8 years ago
Environmental Security in Iraq and DRC

Security is a prerequisite to the effective liberty of individuals, which in turn is a prerequisite to good living. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, definitions of security have undergone significant expansion. Traditionally, security has been defined as a legal constancy so far as property rights are concerned as well as protection from violence perpetrated by outsiders. Security can encompass quality of life, access to basic human requisites like human dignity, human rights, personal autonomy, control over ones life and unhindered participation in society. Now, an increasingly important element to the definition of security encompasses environmental factors, which are seen to play both direct and indirect roles in violent conflicts and human crisis. Environmental security is the relationship between security concerns and the natural environment. [i] These can include any number of issues from destruction of natural resources, scarcity of natural resources, nuclear safety, ozone depletion and global warming. As defined by the UN Millennium project, environmental security is:

Lifestyle
by J.A.V.
8 years ago
More Problems in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is failing in part because of a weak structural government. A flawed constitution and bad governance coupled with no rule of law and no accountability to laws, has proved that democracy is more complex than merely holding the illusion of free elections. First, the constitution has fundamental problems. The President has the power to nominate up to thirty people to the National Assembly.[vi] This gives the president an enormous amount of nominating power and the ability to dominate the National assembly with his own party's people. There is no separation of powers and no system of checks and balances to prevent the majority from ruling with an iron fist. Separation of powers is essential to good governance. In Zimbabwe, there is "an incomplete separation between the executive and legislative because, apart from the President, members of the executive are also members of the legislature.

Lifestyle
by J.A.V.
8 years ago
Selling Fear: From WMD to Extending Democracy How the media failed to cover the Bush Administration's shifting rationale for the war in Iraq.

There is an enormous amount of media out there these days. This plethora of national media networks that infiltrate the basic cable spectrum and the new surge in online journalism are constantly inundating us with stories and images from the Middle East. The mainstream liberal media in the United States, like the New York Times and CNN, has exhibited subtle nuances in story reporting but for the most part, has been covering the occupation of Iraq and the prospects of democracy for the Middle East, with essentially one voice. Even as the Bush Administration's rationale for the war has shifted, the focus of the media has remained habitually the same: sell fear. Left wing groups have scathingly criticized the manner in which the Media reported this shifting rationale for war but, one element remains clear. The media helped create and fuel the notion that a terror threat is real and that the war on terror is being lost. In doing so, the Media created the market for war. While the media failed to effectively or accurately criticize the Bush Administrations shifting rationale for war, they instead continue to paint a grim picture of how the occupation is being run, propagating a climate of anxiety.

Lifestyle
by J.A.V.
8 years ago
HEDLEY BULL: IS THIS ANALYSIS VALID 40 YEARS ON

Hedley Bull concludes his essay by arguing that "Formidable though the classic dangers are of a plurality of sovereign states, these have to be reckoned against those inherent in the attempt to contain disparate communities within the framework of a single government. It is an entirely reasonable view of world order at the present time that it is best served by living with the former dangers rather than by attempting to face the latter." 1) What does he mean and why does he believe this? 2) Is his analysis valid 40 years on?

Lifestyle
by J.A.V.
8 years ago
International Mandates for Employment Creation

There are several international mandates for employment creation. Two of the most influential mandates are Article 23 "The Right to Work" of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the ILO employment policy convention, no 122 "promotion of full productive and freely chosen employment".

Sports
by J.A.V.
8 years ago
Surfing in New York City

Only 16 Miles from commotion and claustrophobia of New York's Time Square, surfers, mostly Southern Californian and Hawaiian transplants are hauling boards on the A train to ride Far Rockaway; an inner-city, oceanfront commuter town 40 minutes from Manhattan and host to a unique new culture.urban surfers.

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