Sociological Perspectives on Poverty
It can be said that there is no greater threat to the world population than that of poverty. Poverty is the lack of basic human needs such as clean water, healthcare, nutrition education clothing and shelter because of an inability to afford them. This is also known as absolute poverty. According to Jean Zeigler, mortality due to malnutrition accounted for 58% of all deaths in 2006. One in twelve people in the world today are malnourished. We live in a time when a nation can fly a man to the moon but can't feed, cloth, and shelter its own people much less it's neighbors; all the while producing more food and resources than it needs. So if the money is there and the food is there why do people still go hungry? Conflict theory is a great explanation for this phenomenon. Conflict theory gives us a perspective that emphasizes the social, political, and material inequality of a group. Various conflict theories point out power differences like class conflict and usually go against a lot of widely believed ideologies.