intravenous infusion port
Using IV pumps is unique as it can be used for many purposes. It makes it easy to receive medications through a special intravenous infusion port. It is used for chemotherapy infusion and many other uses.
When you find out you will need an IV port for intravenous infusion access, you have to go to the hospital for surgery to have this special port implanted in the chest, usually a day surgery. It is a fairly safe surgery, using local anesthetic and intravenous sedation. A tube goes from the neck, usually through the juggler vein to the intravenous infusion port.
It is excellent for chemotherapy infusion, or anytime a patient requires medications, fluids or nutrition through a regular intravenous catheter line. The permanent central venous catheter avoids breaking veins by using frequent intravenous catheters in the arm. The intravenous infusion catheter can also be used for blood samples, and receive blood transfusions. The one I am familiar with was a dual port where medications go from one side, and then you let that side rest and use the other side for awhile.
The catheter is not noticeable under the skin, but sometimes shows as a small bump. To have a catheter implanted the patient must go through a day surgery at the hospital first. An implanted port is a reservoir with a rubber stopper that is used when entering the vein below the collarbone. To use the implanted port it needs special care. The IV port must be kept clean, dry and the dressings changed regularly. A needle needs to go through the skin to the rubber stopper each time medication is administered. Even with the many needle entries that the intravenous infusion port will withstand, it doesn't irritate the skin and is barely noticeable, and seldom hurts the patient. It is used frequently for chemotherapy infusion, and for pain medications due to cancer.
Nurses have to be trained to use the intravenous catheter line on patients, because not all the nurses I worked with knew enough to safely use the catheter without problems. The hospice nurses in particular, were very versed in the use and care of the catheter when used for medication administration, as well nurses for cancer chemotherapy.