Vaginal Candidiasis is another name of Vaginal Yeast infection which is caused by Candida Albicans yeast present in the vagina. It is also known as Vulvovaginal Candidiasis and Genital Candidiasis.
It is essential that you know what kind of infection you are suffering from. Then only can you actually take corrective and preventive action. Of all kinds of vaginal infection, fungal infection or the yeast infection is the most common. Normally 92% women suffer from the same. Fungus is there in every human body and wherever it is moist and warm, the fungi production increases tremendously. It is a very common kind of infection that 75% women are vulnerable to face. As many as 50% women can suffer from yeast infection without having any symptoms and that is due to the multiplication and overgrowth of Candida Albicans in vagina. It may lead to itching, vaginal discharge, irritation and inflammation in vagina.
Vaginal infection caused by yeast is not a sexually transmitted infection. However, there are cases of contagious nature of the ailment which as many as 15% men may face in the form of penile rash and itching when has sex with an infected woman.
Medication is a great way to treat vaginal infection, which is not considered a serious problem. However, if it is not treated on time, it may lead to hazardous consequences. One should understand that if infection reoccurs, it can be a sign of AIDS, leukemia and diabetes. Though in rare cases, yet it can lead to Candida disease which with complications can even be fatal.
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What leads to Vaginal Yeast Infection?
Vaginal Infections are usually caused by some kind of imbalance in the vagina. While Bacterial Vaginosis is caused by imbalance of bacteria in vagina, yeast infection is caused due to imbalance of fungus present in the vagina (Candida Albicans). Below are the major reasons which lead to the infection:
Use of Antibiotics
Bacteria reduce the overgrowth of fungus. When antibiotics destroy such bacteria, it leads to imbalance and thereafter yeast infection.
The same holds true when a person is taking steroids. The body becomes vulnerable to such infections.
Diabetes and Other Conditions that Reduce Immunity
Vaginal cells have glycogen which gets drastically reduced because of diabetes. Also, the sugar content increases in the vagina with the medical condition and thus lead to yeast infection.
Other medical condition that reduces the immunity of our body leading to vaginal yeast infection are HIV AIDS, pregnancy, Cancer treatment using Chemotherapy etc.
Various sprays and douches that women use leas to vaginal infection. Also, wearing tight undergarments that are not of cotton raise moisture content in vagina and make temperature and conditions favorable to growth of fungus that cause the infection.
Scratches caused during intercourse can also lead to the infection.
Various factors that cause hormonal changes in human body are menopause, ovulation, pregnancy, taking hormonal therapies and birth control pills lead to vaginal yeast infection.
The symptoms women face owing to vaginal yeast infection may differ. One of the following signs are what most of the women come across:
- Irritation in vagina
- White and gray colored thick vaginal discharge that may resemble to cottage cheese
- Burning sensation
- Pain during having sex