Vapor steam cleaning comes to the United states from Europe. It was developed there as a way to clean a host of different surfaces without having to resort to using harmful chemicals and detergents that can affect humans and the environment a like. In the process they found that steam is an incredibly powerful cleaning agent, cutting through thick, caked on grit and grime while also sanitizing and deodorizing.
The Europeans harness the power of steam to clean by placing it inside a portable device that resembles the modern vacuum cleaner and called it a vapor steam cleaner. These devices heat up water to create the steam and keep it in a pressurized compartment until the heat inside of it reaches temperatures over 200 degrees Farenheit. This heat is then released through a small hose that will cut through dirt and kill bacteria and all sorts of household allergens without the use of harmful chemicals or detergents.
You might be wondering how do these wonderful contraptions work? Well, it all starts off in a small internal take that is filled up with some water. Once the cleaner is turned on, the tank is heated until the water begins to boil. Water typically boils at around 212 degrees Farenheit. But the power of the vapor steam cleaner is that the steam gets super hot inside the pressurized water compartment.
As the water and steam get heated it continues to expand. This expansion results in a greater pressure inside the water tank compartment. The increased pressure will increase the temperature inside the water tank which will then turn more water into steam. As more and more of the water is turned into steam the 'wetness' of the steam decreases until the actual water content of the steam vapor created in the cleaner is around 5%. This dry steam can then be ejected from the cleaner which allows the cleaner to be used on sorts of surfaces - like cloth. When using dry steam surfaces will dry very quickly, making it great for cleaning pillows, bedding, cloth, leather, and even wood (as long as it is treated).
This makes vapor steam cleaners very different from some of the more traditional steam cleaning devices that have been around for some time. These old style steam cleaners actually don't use any steam at all but instead pour a heated water and detergent mix onto a surface like carpet and then suck it up again. This will leave your carpet pretty wet and means that you have to spend a lot of time waiting for the carpet to dry before being able to use it again. If you don't wait you could actually end up making your carpet dirtier than before you cleaned it.
Another downside to using these faux steam cleaners is that they don't do a great job at removing allergens from the environment and can actually cause more to grow. If you have a mold allergy do you think it is going to be a good idea to wet down your entire carpet to get it clean? Won't that just grow more mold unless you take off your roof and let the sun shine down on your carpet? Or you are going to have to get fans out and have them blowing until the carpet gets nice and dry. This is just too much work when you could get a dry vapor steam cleaner and get the cleaning experience you actually need.
If you are interested in buying a vapor steam cleaner be aware that you are going to have to shell out a good chunk of change for these devices as they are not cheap. But if you are an allergy sufferer or someone who really likes to have really clean environment to live in then you should consider buying a dry vapor steam cleaner.