Exfoliation or the sloughing off of dead skin cells is absolutely essential for and good skin care regime. Exfoliation is not hard to do, nor does it require expensive skin care products. The majority of skin types and conditions can benefit by an effective scrub. Only a few people with sensitive skin conditions will not benefit from the many rewards of exfoliation.

Ideally one should lightly exfoliate their face once, maybe twice a day. Apply the exfoliating cleanser on clean skin. Scale back only should you see irritation which can be caused by the skin care product or simply the way you are washing your face. Don't wash too hard, light pressure in round circles around your face will do. Be very light and careful when getting to the eye area. Wrinkles under the eyes often develop first so don't encourage them.

The only difference is in the method and type of skin cleanser you use. There are two ways to exfoliate, manually or chemically.

Manual exfoliation

Manual exfoliation means when the small grainy particles within the skin care product are rubbed against the skin to create a friction that wears down the old sebum and debris. Manual exfoliation is done with the hands or with a skin brush machine. Several individuals opt for manual with the awesome Clairasonic brush in conjunction with a high-quality exfoliating skin product. This is the current ultimate at-home combination to get of the dead skin cells and debris that has accumulated on the top layer of the skin.

Common manual exfoliating ingredients

* jojoba beads

* ground almonds

* ground seeds

* polyethylene beads

Please note, that although popular, the common drug-store apricot kernel scrubs are not high quality exfoliations. These ingredients and the actual particles (the so-called kernel bits) are too large and are scraping against the skin, essentially irritating the skin and damaging it over time.

Chemical exfoliation

Alternatively chemical exfoliation is achieved via the assistance of acids, the AHAs and BHAs that chemically react with the cells on the top of your skin to get the dead skin cells off your face, revealing a more youthful look. Chemical exfoliation can be achieved through over the counter skin care products or through the use of chemical peels.

Enzymes are also a means of chemical exfoliation found in several products.

Chemical Exfoliating Ingredients

* glycolic acid (derived from sugar cane)

* lactic acid (derived from milk)

* malic acid

* tartaric acid

* citric acid

* salicylic acid

* papain

* bromelain

* pancreatin

After exfoliation, follow up with your regular toner to help re-balance the pH of the skin. Exfoliation is a key part of a beauty regime that helps keep the skin healthy and healthy looking. If you are going to wash your face anyways, just add either manual or chemical exfoliating ingredients to reap even better looking skin.