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What Causes Dry Eye Syndrome and How to Treat it

By Edited May 17, 2016 0 0

Dry eyes treatment

Did you know that tears are essential when it comes to keeping your eyes healthy? Well, just in case you didn’t know, the eyes largely rely on a steady flow of tears to keep them well lubricated and moisturized which in turn translates to good vision and besides soothing the eyes.

Tears are made up of a number of components including water which provides moisture and oils which provide the lubrication effect. The mucus present in tears is responsible for evenly spreading unique proteins and antibodies which make your eyes resistant to infections.

A unique gland is responsible for secreting all of these ingredients. Any alteration or deficiency of these ingredients leads to the syndrome. When you have a shortage of tears  you’re most likely to suffer from:

· Sensitivity to light.

· Painful eyes.

· A rough sensation.

· The eyes feel like they have foreign objects.

· An itchy feeling.

· Unclear or blurred vision.

While dry eyes are brought about by lack of enough tears, this may not be the case always. There may be times when the eyes produce excess tears which run down the cheeks. This usually happens when there is limited lubrication taking place.

Excessive production of tears by the eyes is a counter reaction which depicts that the eyes need more lubrication. Nevertheless these tears are largely made of water and while they may get rid of any foreign deposits they actually don’t lubricate them since they don’t contain any oils. 

What Leads to Dry Eyes?

The major cause of this syndrome as we’ve noted above is lack enough tears. However this is not the only cause. Other factors may lead to drying of the tear film. Other factors that can lead to the dryness  include excessive heat, dry air brought about by air conditioning in addition to other environmental issues.

Apart from the previously mentioned conditions, other factors that are linked to drying of the eyes include:

· Age related issues particularly menopause.

· Overreaction of the body from drugs like antihistamines and contraceptives.

· Diseases known to inhibit formation of tears such as the Sjogren’s syndrome and collagen vascular diseases.

· Inability of the eyes to shut properly owing to structural problems of the eyelids.

How Can Dry Eyes Be Corrected?

There is an array of ways to correct the syndrome including these natural eye exercises. Although this syndrome may not be totally cured, you can embark on other options in the quest to treat them. It is important that you have a sit down with your doctor. These treatments may include:

Artificial Tear Drops and Ointment… This mode of treatment has been the widely used over time to treat dry eyes. The artificial teardrops are readily available as over the counter prescriptions. However these teardrops don’t work for everyone, therefore you may want to go with the one that works for you.

Persons diagnosed with chronic eye diseases are advised to use artificial teardrops only when the eyes have a fine feeling to enhance lubrication. For those who have excessively dry eyes; it is recommended that you apply a thick ointment when sleeping.

Temporary Punctual Occlusion… It may be indispensable to seal the tubes that are responsible for draining tears out. This is done through the use of a dissolving cork placed in the tear drain of the lower eyelid to lasses whether a more established plug can be a source of enough tears.

Non- Dissolving Punctual Plugs… This is a more permanent remedy applied only if temporary punctual occlusion works well. This treatment option increases the amount of tears by blocking the drainpipe through which the tears leave the eyes and gets into the nose. A good number of the people diagnosed with excessive dryness reportedly find the non-dissolving punctual plugs to not only enhance lubrication, but totally eliminate the need for synthetic tears.

Restasis… You can use restasis to correct dry eye syndrome especially chronic dry eye. It is a prescription eye drop that enables the eye to produce tears on their own when used over a long period of time.  Other medications include:

· Use of steroid  drops.

· Increased consumption of fish oil which is rich in omega 3, a nutrient used to correct the dry conditions.

If you’re diagnosed with this condition, there are a number of treatment options you can use to correct the situation. Be sure to consult your specialist before you embark on any of the above treatment options.

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