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What Colon Cancer Treatments Are Available

By Edited Nov 13, 2013 0 0

Colon anatomy

Colon cancer is a form of cancer that attacks the lining of the large intestine and if causes people to need colon cancer treatment. This form of cancer usually starts as little clumps of tissue called polyps. These may start off as non-cancerous, but in time they sometimes turn into cancer. If these polyps are found early on through screening such as a colonoscopy, then they are easily removed. But if not, it could spread and you will need colon cancer treatment.

Colon cancer treatment needs to be started early, but it is difficult to diagnose cancer of the colon early because it has little to no symptoms until it is in the later stages. This is why screening for it is vital. Doctors suggest that everyone get a colonoscopy at age 50 and even earlier if there is a history of cancer of the colon in your family.

Colon cancer treatments

Symptoms of colon cancer(80931)

There are four stages of cancer of the colon and each one has its own colon cancer treatments. The first is called Stage 0 and this is when the cancer has only reached the lining of the colon.

Colon cancer treatments for this stage involve:

  • Removing the polyp or small tumor and a portion of the tissue around it
  • Removing the diseased part of the colon and reattaching it to a healthy area of the intestine

The next is Stage 1 and it means that the cancer has progressed farther than the colon lining and has gotten into the inside walls of the bowel, but not the outside. The five year survival rate at this stage is 93 percent.

Treatment for colon cancer(80932)

Colon cancer treatments for this stage involve:

  • Surgery to cut out the cancerous tumor and some surrounding tissue

Stage II colon cancer means the cancer is much further along and has progressed through the muscular wall of the bowel, but not yet gotten to the lymph nodes. The five year survival rate for this stage is 78 percent.

Colon cancer treatment(80933)

Colon cancer treatments for this stage involve:

  • Surgery to cut out the cancerous tumor and some surrounding tissue
  • Chemotherapy

 

Stage III colon cancer mean the tumour has progressed through the bowel itself and into the lymph nodes. The five year survival rate is about 64 percent for this type.

Colon cancer treatments for this stage involve:

  • Surgery to cut out the cancerous tumor, surrounding tissue and the affected lymph nodes
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation

Stage IV colon cancer is the worst stage and means the tumour has gotten to other parts of the body besides the bowel and lymph nodes. It may be in the liver, lungs or other areas, as well as the bowel and intestines. The survival rate is eight percent.

Available colon cancer treatment

Colon tumour treatments for this stage involve:

  • Surgery to remove all the tumour that is possible to be cut out in the colon, or other affected organs
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Immunology therapy

All in all, it is best to diagnose colon cancer early so colon cancer treatments can begin in time to have a better survival rate.


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