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What Is A Great White Shark?

By Edited Jul 17, 2015 0 0

The great white shark, scientific name Carcharodon Carcharias, is one of the most deadly predators in the ocean. Great whites can easily grow to 6 m (20 ft) in length, and 2268 kg (5,000 lb) in weight. It's unknown how long great white sharks live for, but estimates range between 20 to 40 years.

Great White Shark(87248)

 

The Great White's Habitat

Great white sharks are found in every major ocean, but are more common in coastal waters with the temperature from 12 to 24°C ( 54 - 75°F ), although some have been documented at depths of up to 4000 feet and more.

Great white's will stay near their main food sources. Seals, sea lions, large fish, and even other sharks are all main parts of this sharks diet.

Dyer Island, South Africa is home to one of the densest population of great whites.

Along with South Africa, great whites also populate water around United States, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Chile.

Great White Locations
 

The Great Whites Diet

Great white sharks are extremely carnivorous and will eat fish, dolphins, whales, seals, sea lions, sea turtles, otters and seabirds. They have even been known to eat garbage and other debris which they cannot digest.

Great white sharks are ambush hunters but they will adapt to different hunting styles depending on their prey.

An average great white shark will eat around 150 pounds of food per day and over 10 tons per year.

The Great Whites Appearance

Great white sharks are known for their torpedo shaped body, and pointed snout. They are streamlined 

Great White Tooth
swimmers, with several rows of around 3000 teeth in total. The teeth are triangular shaped and have extremely sharp serrated edges.

The under body of the shark is white, while the top of the shark is a dull gray color.

Great white sharks have three main fins, the dorsal (back fin), and two pectoral fins (side fins).

Other Interesting Facts

  • A great white shark may lose more than 1000 teeth in its lifetime
  • The largest great White ever recorded was caught off Prince Edward Island in 1988 and was over 20 feet long and weighed over 5000 pounds
  • Great whites can sense blood in the water from 5 km away
  • Great white sharks are actually a threatened species, and scientists believe there may only be less than 10,000 worldwide
  • Great whites only begin breeding after 20 years of age
  • These sharks can travel through the water at speeds of up to 15 miles ( 24 kilometres) per hour
 
 

For more on sharks check out these articles:

What Is A Tiger Shark?

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