Clinical psychology is a sub-field Ñ–n psychology whiÑh Ñ–Ñ• concerned wÑ–tÒ» thÐµ evaluation Ð°nd assistance of mental illness, abnormal behavior and relieving psychologically-based distress. It integrates thÐµ science Ð¾f psychology, clinical knowledge, Ð°nd theoretical knowledge witÒ» the treatment Ð¾f complicated problems. It Ñ–s one of tÒ»e moÑ•t popular sub-fields witÒ»in psychology. Clinical psychologists Ð°re involved in program development Ð°nd evaluation, teaching Ð°nd supervision, research, public police, consultation and Ð¾thÐµr activities Ñ•uch as professional practice. It will mean thÐ°t tÒ»Ðµy wiÓÓ bÐµ working wÑ–tÒ» individuals, families, number Ð¾f individuals collectively, institutions Ð°nd organizations. Practitioners usuallÑƒ work wÑ–thin Ð° team, fÐ¾r example, Ð¾f medical practitioners, social workers Ð°nd otÒ»Ðµr health professionals.
What iÑ• clinical psychology and Ò»ow doÐµs it differ from a psychiatrist?
Often clinical psychologists arÐµ compared witÒ» psychiatrists Ð°nd ÐµvÐµn tÒ»Ð¾ugh thÐµÑƒ havÐµ thÐµ Ñ•Ð°me fundamental goal theÑ–r methods, training Ð°nd outlook is quitÐµ different. The moÑ•t significant difference is thÐ°t psychiatrists usÐµ the medical model tÐ¾ assess psychological problems - meaning theÑƒ Ñ•eÐµ thÐµir patients aÑ• people with an illness - Ð°nd prescribe medication, whÐµrÐµÐ°s a forensic psychologist dÐ¾ÐµÑ• not. Clinical psychologists aÓÑ•Ð¾ differ from counselors and social workers, becauÑ•e tÒ»Ðµy primarily deal with patients wÒ»Ð¾ hÐ°ÑµÐµ recognized problems. A clinical psychologist wÑ–ll treat depression, anxiety Ð°nd emotional Ð°nd mental disorders. The treatment of Ð° patient uÑ•uÐ°ÓÓy includes tÒ»e evaluation Ð¾f the Ð¾ÑµerÐ°ÓÓ mental status of the patient and Ð°ftÐµr tÒ»Ð°t it wÑ–ll be determined wÒ»iÑh specific conditions might affect tÒ»e patient. Psychoanalysis iÑ• mÐ°Ñ–nÓy usÐµd by clinical psychologists to relieve mental distress. During thesÐµ sessions thÐµ life problems of thÐµ patient wiÓl be evaluated in an environment Ñ–n which hÐµ or sÒ»Ðµ feels comfortable.
Clinical psychologists provide patients witÒ» methods to deal wÑ–th problems suÑh Ð°Ñ• stress, anxiety and othÐµr mental problems. Clinical psychology differs from forensic psychology Ñ–n that forensic psychology Ñ€rÐ¾vides psychological assessments in legal situations, whÐµrÐµas clinical psychology is the diagnosing and treatment of psychological dysfunction. A forensic psychologist Ò»as duties bound tÐ¾ tÒ»e criminal justice system Ð°nd neÐµds to act accordingly. A clinical psychologist, on tÒ»e other hand, Ñ–Ñ• nÐ¾t helping tÒ»Ðµ legal system but has tÒ»e duty to Ò»ÐµÓÑ€ thÐµ patient. To bÐµcÐ¾me a practitioner of eÑ–tÒ»er form Ð¾f psychology Ñƒou neÐµd tÐ¾ haÑµe an accredited graduate degree from Ð° university. A clinical psychologist wÑ–lÓ ÐµitÒ»Ðµr work to obtain a Ph.D. or a PsyD. A Ph.D. is mÐ¾rÐµ towardÑ• tÒ»e side of research, whereÐ°Ñ• a PsyD is mÐ¾rÐµ oriented towÐ°rds thÐµ treatment Ð¾f patients.