Vitamin b9 is commonly known as Folic Acid which is a water soluble vitamin. It passes from the blood stream and finally excreted in urine.  Folic acid should be consumed daily for maintaining the adequate amount f nutrient in the body. It can also be stored by the body. Folic acid plays an important role in the synthesis of nucleic acid. Nucleic acid is a part of huge molecules that includes DNA and RNA.


Vitamin B9 is useful in following function-

  • Helps in growth and rapid cell division
  • Creation and repair of DNA and RNA
  • Increases brain health
  • Helps in generation of healthy red blood cells
  •  It is essential for the pregnant women’s to have sufficient quantity of folic acid as it helps in the prevention of birth defects, inclined defects in the baby’s brain and spine.


Who all should take folic acid?


All such women’s who are planning for the pregnancy and even the women’s getting gin age of having a child should start taking sufficient amount of folic acid. Women’s should take it before getting pregnant and four weeks of conception. This will further prevent any pregnancy defects too.


For the women’s of child bearing age it is recommended to take 0.4 mg folic acid. They can even take necessary fortified cereals grain products daily that reaches at the level of 0.4mg per day of folic acid.

As per the researches it has been specified that those women’s who starts taking supplements of folic acid not more but only  12 months before getting pregnant, builds the capability to fight against the risk of having a premature baby.


Food sources of Folic acid


  • All dark green vegetables are very rich sources of folic acid
  • Baker’s yeast
  • Asparagus
  • Egg yolk
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Cauliflower
  • Large potatoes (jacket)
  • Milk
  • Parsnips
  • Spinach
  • Whole-wheat bread
  • Sunflower seeds

Deficiency of vitamin B9

Deficiency of vitamin B9 causes anaemia due to lack of the food source of folic acid, the persons who require enough quantity of folic acid are pregnant women’s, lactating woman, persons facing medical problems of sickle cell disease,. Many conditions are known where the person’s body does not consume the necessary amount of folic acid, this might be caused due to intake of excess alcohol and irregular function of kidneys. Medication treatment of the diseases such as cancer, seizure and  rheumatoid arthritis mostly increases the problem of deficiency of folic acid (anaemia).

Symptoms of Folic acid

  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Forgetfulness
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Irritability
  • Weakness

Risk associated with deficiency of folic acid

  • The high risk of causing cancer especially stomach cancer
  • Getting second heart attack
  • Strokes
  • Getting into depression
  • Mental problems
  • Allergic diseases
  • Drops male sperm counts
  • Hypothesis

Thus, many of the physicians even suggest taking folic acid pills for overcoming the deficiency of Vitamin b9.


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