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What are the Eight Parts of Speech in English?

By Edited Nov 13, 2013 1 2

It is important to know the parts of speech in the English language so that you can follow proper grammar rules. Any writer or student needs to pay attention to their writing. Using correct grammar can take you from being an average writer to an excellent writer. There are eight parts of speech in the English language. The function of the eight parts of speech is to tell the reader what the word is used for, its purpose in the sentence. The eight parts of speech build the foundation of the sentence and language. People writing for residual income should pay close attention to the proper use of language and use tools like grammar and spell check in a word processing program, such as Microsoft Works or Word.

The eight parts of speech in English - grammar lesson:

  • Verb - the verb tells what is being done. Verbs tell the reader what the subject of the sentence is doing or being, it is the action of the sentence. For example, the word write is a verb.
  • Noun - the noun is a person, place or thing, animals, and abstraction. Nouns name things. An example of a noun is a pencil.
  • Pronoun - this word can take the place of a noun or noun phrase. There are nine different types of pronouns. For example, there are personal nouns which refer to a specific person or thing. Pronouns are words that refer to gender like "he", "she", and so on.
  • Adjective - the adjective modifies the noun or pronoun. It does this by describing or identifying words. In a sentence an adjective generally comes before the noun or pronoun. Don't overuse adjectives. You can avoid this by telling what something is instead of lazily using an adjective to describe it. The adjective in this little sentence is the word "little" because it describes the sentence.
  • Adverb - the adverb as a part of speech tells how things are done. The most common way to think about an adverb is a word ending in "ly". These words modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They answer the questions "how", "when", "how much", and "where". The adverb is a lovely word (lovely being the adverb in that sentence).
  • Preposition - the preposition links nouns, pronouns, and phrases in a sentence. Prepositions tell logistics about something. For example, it answers where things are such as "on" and "under". Prepositions are the part of speech that introduces an object and describes a relationship between words. Some common prepositions are "but", "inside", and "at".
  • Conjunctions - the conjunction is a word that joins words and is also called a conjoining conjunction and is usually used with a comma. Examples of conjunctions are "but", "for", "and", "for", "no", and "so".
  • Interjection - the interjection although last on the list is what shows surprise in a sentence. They are short exclamations in a sentence like "oh" and are often used with an exclamation point when writing.
That is just a brief introduction to the eight parts of speech. The English language is very complex and it takes a lot of time to digest and comprehend. By brushing up on your grammar you can take yourself further in your writing. But, don't be too hard on yourself, English is one of the hardest languages to learn.



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Comments

Feb 4, 2010 6:13am
CWilliams
Very informative read. We all need a brush up on the basics now and then.
Feb 5, 2010 9:09am
thinkwrite17
Good article on identifying the parts of speech. Haven't thought about those terms in some time. Does anyone remember diagramming sentences?
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