The eight parts of speech in English - grammar lesson:
- Verb - the verb tells what is being done. Verbs tell the reader what the subject of the sentence is doing or being, it is the action of the sentence. For example, the word write is a verb.
- Noun - the noun is a person, place or thing, animals, and abstraction. Nouns name things. An example of a noun is a pencil.
- Pronoun - this word can take the place of a noun or noun phrase. There are nine different types of pronouns. For example, there are personal nouns which refer to a specific person or thing. Pronouns are words that refer to gender like "he", "she", and so on.
- Adjective - the adjective modifies the noun or pronoun. It does this by describing or identifying words. In a sentence an adjective generally comes before the noun or pronoun. Don't overuse adjectives. You can avoid this by telling what something is instead of lazily using an adjective to describe it. The adjective in this little sentence is the word "little" because it describes the sentence.
- Adverb - the adverb as a part of speech tells how things are done. The most common way to think about an adverb is a word ending in "ly". These words modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They answer the questions "how", "when", "how much", and "where". The adverb is a lovely word (lovely being the adverb in that sentence).
- Preposition - the preposition links nouns, pronouns, and phrases in a sentence. Prepositions tell logistics about something. For example, it answers where things are such as "on" and "under". Prepositions are the part of speech that introduces an object and describes a relationship between words. Some common prepositions are "but", "inside", and "at".
- Conjunctions - the conjunction is a word that joins words and is also called a conjoining conjunction and is usually used with a comma. Examples of conjunctions are "but", "for", "and", "for", "no", and "so".
- Interjection - the interjection although last on the list is what shows surprise in a sentence. They are short exclamations in a sentence like "oh" and are often used with an exclamation point when writing.