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What are the World's Hottest Peppers?

By Edited May 23, 2015 1 2

How Does the Scoville Scale Work?


The Scoville Scale was created in 1912 by a man named Wilbur L. Scoville and was designed to measure the hotness from chili peppers or sauces derived from chilli peppers. Scientifically, the Scoville scale is used to measure the level of capsaicin found in a pepper. Capsaicin is the chemical compound that provides us as humans with the hot sensation. The Scoville test is done by diluting a pepper in sugar water.

Whatever the Scoville rating of a pepper, that is the ratio of how many times the pepper needs to be diluted before the heat sensation is no longer noticeable to the human tongue. An example
Really Hot Pepper
would be Jalapeno peppers; Jalapeno peppers range from 2500-5000 Scoville Units, which means for one part Jalapeno pepper, you would need 2500-5000 parts sugar water in order for the spiciness to be unnoticeable.

The following list contains chili peppers as well as a selection of popular brand name hot sauces accompanied by their Scoville rating.


Scoville Heat Units
  • 16000000

  • 16000000

  • 16000000

  • 9100000

  • 8600000

  • 7100000

  • 5500000

  • 5300000

  • 4000000

  • 2000000

  • 1500000 - 2000000

  • 1500000

  • 1001304

  • 1000000

  • 1000000

  • 923000

  • 855,000 (reported)

  • 800000

  • 700000

  • 600,000 - 900,000

  • 600000

  • 550000

  • 500,000 - 750,000

  • 400,000 - 500,000

  • 357000

  • 350,000 - 577,000

  • 283000

  • 250000

  • 250000

  • 234000

  • 225000

  • 225000

  • 180000

  • 175000

  • 150000

  • 125000

  • 119700

  • 100,000 - 350,000

  • 100,000 - 325,000

  • 100,000 - 225,000

  • 100,000 - 200,000

  • 100,000 - 125,000

  • 95,000 - 110,000

  • 90000

  • 85,000 - 115,000

  • 75,000 - 80,000

  • 75000

  • 50,000 - 100,000

  • 50,000 - 100,000

  • 49250

  • 40,000 - 58,000

  • 40,000 - 50,000

  • 40,000 - 50,000

  • 33390

  • 30,000 - 49,999

  • 30,000 - 50,000

  • 30,000 - 50,000

  • 15,000 - 30,000

  • 15,000 - 29,999

  • 12,000 - 30,000

  • 11600

  • 11000

  • 8910

  • 7,000 - 8,000

  • 6,000 - 23,000

  • 5790

  • 5,000 - 10,000

  • 5,000 - 10,000

  • 3600

  • 3400

  • 2,500 - 8,000

  • 2,500 - 5,000

  • 2,500 - 5,000

  • 2,500 - 5,000

  • 2.085

  • 2,000 - 2,500

  • 1,200 - 1,800

  • 1,500 - 2,500

  • 1,000 - 2,000

  • 1,000 - 2,000

  • 1,000 - 2,000

  • 1,200 - 1,800

  • 747

  • 700 - 1,000

  • 600 - 800

  • 500 - 2,500

  • 500 - 1,000

  • 450

  • 400 - 700

  • 100 - 600

  • 100 - 500

  • 100 - 500

  • 0

  • Chilli Pepper / Hot Sauce
    Pure capsaicin and Dihydrocapsaicin

    Blair's 16 Million Reserve, from Gardner Resources, Inc.

    Blair's 6 A.M., from Gardner Resources, Inc.

    Nordihydrocapsaicin

    Homodihydrocapsaicin and Homocapsaicin

    The Source, from Original Juan Specialty Foods

    Blair's 5 A.M., from Gardner Resources Inc. - No Longer available

    Police grade Pepper spray

    Blair's 4 A.M., from Gardner Resources Inc. - No Longer available

    Common Pepper spray

    Blair's 3 A.M., from Gardner Resources Inc.

    Da' Bomb The Final Answer, from Original Juan Specialty Food

    Naga-Bih Jolokia pepper

    Cool Million Pepper Extract, from the Poison Pepper Co.

    1 Million Scoville Pepper Extract, from Ashley Food Company, Inc.

    The Dorset Naga Pepper, from Peppers by Post

    The Naga Jolokia pepper (Capsicum frutescens), not confirmed

    Satan's Blood, from Sauce Crafters Inc.

    The Slap Heard Around the World, from Tiguana Flats

    Blair's 2 A.M., from Gardner Resources, Inc.

    Mad Dog 357 with Bullet Keychain, from Ashley Food Company

    Blair's Mega Death Sauce, from Gardner Resources, Inc.

    Dave's Insanity Private Reserve, from Dave's Gourmet (estimated)

    Spontaneous Combustion Powder, from Southwest Specialty Foods Inc.

    Mad Dog 357 Hot Sauce, from Ashley Food Company

    Red Savina habanero (Capsicum chinense Jacquin)

    Blair's Possible Side Effects, from Gardner Resources, Inc.

    Vicious Viper, from CaJohns Fiery Foods

    Dave's Ultimate Insanity Sauce, from Dave's Gourmet (estimated)

    Da' Bomb Ground Zero, from Original Juan Specialty Foods

    Not Cool Chocolate Habanero from Bahama Specialty Foods, Inc.

    You Can't Handle This Hot Sauce, from Peppers

    Dave's Insanity Sauce, from Dave's Gourmet (estimated)

    Predator Great White Shark, from Peppers

    Mad Dog Inferno Reserve, from Ashley Food Company

    Crazy Jerry's Mustard Gas, from Crazy Jerry's, Inc.

    Da' Bomb Beyond Insanity, from Original Juan Specialty Food

    Habanero (Capsicum chinense Jacquin)

    Scotch bonnet (Capsicum chinense)

    Birds Eye pepper

    Jamaican Hot pepper

    Carolina Cayenne pepper

    Bahamian pepper

    Mad Dog Inferno, from Ashley Food Company

    Tabiche pepper

    Red Amazon Pepper

    Chile-Today Red Amazon Powder, from Chile Today-Hot Tamale

    Thai pepper (Capsicum annuum)

    Chiltepin pepper

    Blair's After Death Sauce, from Gardner Resources, Inc.

    Piquin pepper

    Super Chile pepper

    Santaka pepper

    Endorphin Rush Beyond Hot Sauce, from Garden Row Foods

    Lottie's Original Barbados Red Hot, from Lottie's Island Flavours

    Cayenne pepper (Capsicum baccatum and Capsicum frutescens)

    Tabasco pepper (Capsicum frutescens)

    de Arbol pepper

    Lottie's Traditional Barbados Yellow, from Lottie's Island Flavours

    Manzano pepper

    El Yucateco XXXtra Hot Habanero, from El Yucateco

    Crazy Jerry's Brain Damage, from Crazy Jerry's, Inc.

    El Yucateco Green Chile Habanero, from El Yucateco

    TABASCO ® brand Habanero Sauce

    Serrano pepper

    El Yucateco Red Chile Habanero, from El Yucateco

    Hot Wax pepper

    Chipotle, a Jalapeño pepper that has been smoked.

    Cholula Hot Sauce, from Jalisco Food Company

    El Yucateco Chipotle Hot Sauce, from El Yucateco

    Santaka pepper

    Jalapeño (Capsicum annuum)

    Guajilla pepper

    TABASCO ® brand Pepper Sauce

    FRANK'S ® REDHOT ® XTRA Hot, from Reckitt Benckiser Inc.

    TABASCO ® brand Chipotle Pepper Sauce, from McIlhenny Company

    Tabasco Garlic sauce

    Rocotilla pepper

    Passila pepper

    Ancho pepper

    Poblano pepper

    TABASCO ® brand Garlic Sauce

    Texas Pete ®, from T.W. Garner Food Co.

    Coronado pepper

    TABASCO ® brand Green Pepper Sauce

    Anaheim pepper

    New Mexico pepper

    FRANK'S ® REDHOT ® Original, from Reckitt Benckiser Inc.

    Santa Fe Grande pepper

    TABASCO ® brand SWEET & Spicy Pepper Sauce

    Pepperoncini, pepper

    Pimento

    Sweet Bell pepper

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    Comments

    Dec 3, 2010 10:44am
    EllenAlanna
    Wow! You have really broke it down to measurement levels and names of the brands on peppers.

    Did not know that peppers could be that hot!
    Jan 5, 2011 8:29pm
    Wesman_Todd_Shaw
    Nice! Not too many souls know about the Scoville unit. I'd considered writing about that, but I won't do it here now, as you've done a fine job.
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