NDM-1, or New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamose alters bacteria because it is an enzyme that lives off the other bacteria. Currently the two known host for this gene includes E. coli and Kebsiella pneumonia. Basically, the symptoms will be that of the E. coli and the pneumonia which will be resistant to treatment. Anyone undergoing any of these symptoms should seek medical attention immediately, especially if coming into contact with someone who could be a carrier. Preventive measures includes effective hand washing and vigilant hygiene measure according to Christopher Thomas, who is a professor of molecular genetics with the University of Birmingham.
E. coli symptoms: Diarrhea that can come on as mild to severe in nature. It can watery or even bloody. It is usually associated with pain and cramping in the abdomine region. Some people also experience nausea and vomiting. Another symptom that has been related is an urinary tract infection.
Kebsiella pneumonia symptoms: The Klebsiella bacteria is a fast progressing disease. The most common symptoms include a temperature that is 103 degrees Fahrenheit or greater. The fever can be accompanied by dizziness and chills. A cough is also usually present with sputum from the lungs that can include blood. If not treated vigorously and quickly, it can cause holes in the lungs linings. Once the disease progressed to the upper respiratory tract, a foul odor can be released from the nose. Severe congestion can also occur. However, a case that occurs in a hospital can be less apparent and/or gradual with the added symptom of wheezing.
Risk factors for the superbug known as NDM-1, currently includes anyone who has been hospitalized in India, Pakistan or Bangladesh. This is especially true for those who have undergone a plastic surgery procedure. Other risk involved people who have travel to the India or Pakistan. Britain is now a threat as well. Because of the large amount of Americans who have plastic sugery in India and Pakistan, this can become a health issue within the States as well.