Exercise induced asthma is a condition where the airways constrict during or after exercise. This condition is also known as exercised induced bronchoconstriction. Exercise does not cause asthma, but it can be an asthma trigger for some individuals. Some asthmatics condition will flare up due to exercise and they experience asthma symptoms with other triggers as well, where some individuals only experience asthma after exercise. In other words, this is the only time that they experience asthma symptoms and they have no other triggers. For those people who experience asthma only with exercise they are diagnosed with mild intermittent asthma.
Exercise induced asthma usually will cause asthma symptoms to flare up after short durations of strenuous activity has ceased. Individual will experience chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing. These symptoms will usually subside within an hour of exercise. Asthma symptoms can also flare up during prolonged periods of exercise of 15 or more minutes. These symptoms tend flare up quicker while exercising in cold temperatures such as jogging in the cool morning hours.
Preventive Medications for Exercise Induced Asthma
There is treatment that can help prevent exercise induced asthma that involves different medications. Inhaling 2 puffs of a rapid acting bronchodilator such as Albuterol approximately 10 minutes before exercise can help prevent these symptoms from occurring. One inhaled Formoterol capsule can be taken as well. Intal along with a fast acting bronchodilator can be taken 20 minutes as well, however, if asthma symptoms develop the fast acting or rescue inhaler needs to be administered.
For those people who do not have a set exercise schedule, but are involved in vigorous activity throughout the day, may need a long acting bronchodilator accompanied with a glucocorticoid or a leukotriene modifier. Examples of these medications are Advair or Symbicort. Examples of leukotriene modifier medications are Singular or Accolade. Singular is never given more than once a day and an Accolade can be taken twice a day to prevent asthma symptoms, however, if asthma symptoms occur then the rescue inhaler takes precedence over these medications for relief of symptoms.
Educating yourself on these different medication options will give you the information you need when discussing with your doctor what is the right plan for you. Whatever medication is decided upon for your type of asthma should always include a rescue or fast acting inhaler. During an acute asthma attack take two puffs can be administered and repeated in 20 minutes. If symptoms do not improve or worsen, then seek medical attention immediately. Severe asthma can cause asphyxiation and death. For more information about asthma visit PubMed Health.