What's the difference between curd and yogurt? Many people classifies them as the same product. Not everyone is aware that curd and yogurt are not the same dairy product. One of the reasons of this common mistake occurs from a long-lasting problem with naming, which I will discuss later on. At the beginning I would like to state, that there are some significant differences between those two dairy products, that are visible in a production process as well as in nutritious values.
Yogurt is produced mainly from cow's milk. The process starts with heating the milk properly to kill the unwanted bacteria tribes, which can cause some problems. In the next stage some good bacteria are added to the milk and the lactose in milk is undergoing fermentation. Take note that those friendly bacteria help with the processes that are taking place in the digestive system.
Curd is produced in the process of coagulation and after it, some additives are inserted to create a unique taste and texture. The most often used ones are lemon juice and vinegar. Sour milk produce curds naturally and this process is used while producing sour milk cheese.
Differences and similarities between curd and yogurt
The most significant difference (taking into account nutrition aspects) between those two products is visible in the amount of proteins. In case of curd it is above 10 g in every 100 grams (about 3,5 oz) of if. There are some products high in proteins in which this amount can be even higher and reach 20 g in a 100 g portion. On the other hand, yogurt contains about 3 to 5 grams in every 100 g.
There is also a significant difference in texture of both products – yogurt can be of liquid and glutinous consistency. When it comes to curd, it is much more solid in texture and some producers add additional taste enchanters, like onion or dill. Moreover, yogurt is very popular because of beneficial bacteria cultures present in its composition. They are really valuable because of causing significant increase in the efficiency of the digestive system processes. As for similarities – both products have a small amount of fat and carbohydrates (however, in yogurt there are noticeably more of the second nutrient) .When you are thinking about healthy lifestyle and want to keep fit – both yogurt and curd are available in reduced fat versions.
Many people are classifying yogurt and curd as the same dairy product. It is most likely because of the naming issues - in India and generally in Indian countries, the word curd means plain yogurt or dahi. This is especially important if it comes to cooking and recipes – when a recipe states that there is a necessity to use yogurt - it shouldn’t be replaced with curd, and the other way round, because it can change the taste and the quality of prepared meals significantly.
As you can see, the difference between curd and yogurt is pretty significant. Even though curd and yoghurt are considered almost similar dairy products, they have many differences when it comes to nutritious values, production process and their usage in various meals. So before you add one of them to a meal that you are preparing – read the recipe carefully to avoid mistakes!