Due to the research that has been carried out, scientists now have a much clearer understanding of the reasons behind the deterioration of skin. For example, smoking is known to weaken the skin's collagen fibers, resulting in wrinkles and an overall sagging effect. In addition, environmental factors can also speed up the natural aging process. UVA and UVB rays from the sun, as well as general pollution, increase the production of free radicals in your body. These molecules cause oxidative damage to skin cells, which can result in a huge range of conditions, from premature aging to skin cancer.
It is important, therefore, for any effective skin care product to have ingredients that are designed to combat the effects previously mentioned. In terms of preventing sun damage, it is extremely important to wear sunscreen with a high SPF level when out in the sun. Many modern sunscreens will include UV filters to prevent sunburn, as well as antioxidants to increase resistance to free radical damage.
Antioxidants are hugely important in skin care, and they come from many different sources. For example, extracts from pomegranates, cranberries, and green tea are all used as ingredients, highlighting the fact that natural skin care products are extremely popular. Antioxidants not only neutralize free radicals, but can also actively repair damaged skin. This means that some skin care products can slow down the signs of aging, and can leave skin looking and feeling younger and more vibrant.
Some active ingredients in skin care products help to boost the production of collagen, which allows skin to retain its elasticity. One such ingredient is vitamin C, or l-ascorbic acid, which has the added benefit of protecting the skin from environmental damage. Another ingredient to be aware of is retinol, or pro-retinol in its milder form. This derivative of vitamin A exfoliates the skin while generating the production of new collagen. It has been scientifically proven to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and to leave skin firmer within two weeks of use.
Many modern anti wrinkle skin care products contain niacinamide, which is a derivative of vitamin B3. This ingredient boosts the production of new skin cells, and also helps to reduce the effect of redness, spots, and blemishes. It is very effective in maintaining a smooth and healthy complexion, as is hyaluronic acid. This latter ingredient keeps the skin hydrated to maximize elasticity.
If you suffer from dry skin then in addition to hyaluronic acid your skin care products should include occlusives. This refers to a group of ingredients which have the common purpose of retaining moisture in the skin. Any skin care product that includes occlusives will act as a barrier to the evaporation of moisture when applied.
Finally, you may notice that your skin care products contain peptides. These are another natural skin care option, as they are simply organic proteins. They are, however, very important, as they help to increase collagen production. Peptides are therefore used in the fight against wrinkles and aging skin.
An effective skin care routine will make use of the scientifically advanced products that are now available. Your skin health is important not only for how you look, but also for how you feel. Modern skin care products are specially developed to provide you with a smooth, clear complexion, and vibrant feeling skin.