World War II was fought purely for power and each country that became its part wanted to be the superpower, but no country succeeded in the ends. In continued from 1939 to 1945 and was the longest modern period war. World War 2 caused a lot of death and destruction and is seen as one of the bloodiest wars of all times. After six years of war and an estimated 72 million deaths, both the forces decided to end the war. One of the first countries to surrender was Italy. On September 3rd, after the fall of Mussolini, a ceasefire, a peace treaty was arranged between Maxwell D. Taylor and the new Italian Government led by Prime Minister General Badoglio.
The reason Italy surrendered was because the allies started seeping and penetrating Sicily and eventually to mainland Italy. Italy was tired of fighting the war and started to believe that it had lost the ability to fight any longer. While Mussolini claimed that he still supported Germany, the new government secretly signed an Armistice with the Allies. Following this, Italy which was a monarchy fell and a new Republican government came into existence.
What triggered the end of World War 2 in Europe was Hitler’s suicide. A week after Hitler committed suicide, Germany surrendered. There are a lot of different dates when the war is known to end due to the time zone difference and also because the different Axis powers surrendered at different times. The actual war ended, unofficially when Britain, France and US formally ended their invasion of Germany and merged it into one “West Germany”. On May 14th, 1945 Germany surrendered to its western allies and on 8th May, 1945 the Germans surrendered to Soviet Union.
But the Japanese held out for longer than the Germans. They held out, preparing for a bloody battle with the Americans, hoping to get the Americans out of their turf. But history suggests that they couldn’t have held out for any longer due to the following reasons:
1) Japan was heavily dependent on America for supplies of oil, rubber, raw materials, iron etc that they used to make weapons and ammunition. So half their battle was lost because they couldn’ manufacture their ammo anymore and what made it worse was America also cut off their food supply which they also imported. Due to these reasons Japan was unable to provide for industrial production and supply to their armies.
2) Attack on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. The US troops Bombed Nagasaki and Hiroshima on August 6 and August 9. These dates still give tremors to most till date.
3) On August 8 Soviet Union declared War on Japan and Invaded Manchuria. This frustrated them greatly because they had conquered Manchuria and also because they had no weaponry to fight back the strong, Stalin ruled Soviet Union. And hence on August 10th, Emperor Hirohito announces surrender. And on 15th August, Japan surrendered to the Allies. Officially on the 2nd of September World War2 formally ended.