A prophet, a carpenter, Michael the archangel, or the son of God. All of these are phrases people have used to describe Jesus Christ. But who is he? Where did he come from? To understand that we have to look into the past, to the very beginnings of time. "In the beginning was the word (Jesus), and the word was with God, and the word was God." John 1:1
Let's take a closer look at this passage. In Johns Gospel, John begins by referring to Jesus as, "the word", (GK logos). By presenting this destination for Christ, John shows him as the personal Word of God and indicates that in these last days God has communicated to us in his son ( Heb 1:1-3). Scripture declares that Jesus Christ is the manifold wisdom of God (1Co 1:30, Eph 3:10-11, Col 2:2-3) and the perfect revelation of the nature and person of God (John 1:3-5, 14, 18; Col 2:9). Just like a person's words show his/her mind and heart, Jesus Christ as "the Word", shows the mind and heart of God. John shows us three main characteristics of Jesus Christ as, "the Word."
The Word and how it relates to the Father. Before the world was preexistent with God.(Col 1:15). He was a person existing from eternity, distinct from but in eternal fellowship with God the Father. Having the same nature and essence as the Father, Christ was divine ("the Word was God") (Col 2:9).
The Word relation to the world. It was through Christ that God the Father created and now sustains the world (v3; Col 1:16; Heb 1:2) The Word relation to humanity. "The Word became flesh" John 1:14 Jesus Christ, the Son of God took on human nature, but was without sin. This is the basic statement of the incarnation: Jesus left heaven and entered the condition of human life through the gateway of human birth and became God-man. Christ has always been in loving fellowship with the Father and the Holy Spirit. Jesus was not created.
Who is Jesus Christ? "He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. For by him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. And he is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything he might have the supremacy." Colossians 1: 15-18 The phrase, "firstborn of all creation" does not imply that Jesus Christ was a created being. The Old Testament meaning for, "firstborn" means: "first in position" "heir," or "supreme." This word, "first born" was also used when King David ruled, even though David was not the firstborn in his family. Jesus is the heir and ruler of all creation as the eternal Son. In Colossians 1:16 we read, "by him all things were created." Everything owes its existance to Christ's work as the active agent in creation, spiritual and material. Everything holds together by Christ and everything is sustained in him. "Firstborn from among the dead," shows that Jesus was the first to rise from the dead, not only with a spiritual body, but also with an immortal body. When he rose from the grave, he became the head of the Church. It was when that resurrection occurred that the disciples received the Holy spirit. The fact that Jesus is the "firstborn from among the dead" implies the later resurrection of all those from whom he died.
There are several passages in the Bible that reference Jesus as God. Let's take a look at a couple of them. In John 20:24-28 we look at Thomas, one of the twelve disciples, also known as Doubting Thomas, because he was not fully convinced of Christ's rising from the dead, came face to face with Christ. Jesus says to him in verse 27, "Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe." In verse 28 Thomas replies, "My Lord and my God!" Notice how Thomas addresses him as, Lord (Jesus) and God. In Matthew 22:24, we again see where reference is made. " The Lord (God) said to my Lord (Jesus)....."
There are other divine names in scripture that describe Jesus: God, the Son of God, the first and the last, the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End, the Holy One, the Lord, Lord of all, and Lord of glory. Just as divine names are given to Jesus, divine offices are also given to him: creator of the universe, sustainer of all things, forgiver of sins, bestower of resurrection life, judge of all people, and giver of salvation.