Tartar removal can only be effectively done by a dentist. Attempts to remove tartar at home are usually not very effective. This is because of the nature of tartar. Read on to learn how tartar forms and why it is so important to have it removed.
No matter how clean you keep your mouth, bacteria are always present. When bacteria act on protein and other food substances in the mouth, it forms dental plaque. Plaque is easy enough to remove if cleaning is done regularly and effectively. However, if proper cleaning is not done, it turns into tartar. Tartar is hardened plaque that is hard to remove because it bonds strongly to enamel of teeth. Once tartar forms, its buildup becomes easier. It is hard, forms in those hard to reach areas in the mouth, and cannot be brushed off. In addition, it has a rough surface, which makes it easier for food particles and debris to settle. Tartar deposits show up as yellowish or brownish substance on the crowns of teeth.
Tartar irritates the gums and causes them to swell. If tartar is left to continue to build up, it can lead to serious dental health issues. Gingivitis is the mildest disease that can affect dental health but it should be taken seriously. In order to tartget gingivitis symptoms, it is important to know the telltale signs that warrant immediate action. They may be a little hard to spot so you need to be keen. The symptoms include bleeding gums during or after brushing your teeth, red, swollen or tender gums, persistent bad taste or smell in your mouth and receding gums.
When left untreated, gingivitis will develop into periodontitis. When this happens, the gum and bone pull away from the teeth, forming pockets. As a result, food debris will collect in these pockets and cause infection. When this happens, the immune system will automatically release chemicals to fight the bacteria causing the infection. However, the gum and bone that hold teeth in place may be attacked too. This damages the bone and will eventually lead to tooth loss.
For proper tartar removal, it is necessary to visit a dental technician, dental hygienist or dentist. Scaling, a procedure done to ensure deep cleaning, can be done to remove all tartar deposits and stains from the teeth. A dentist will use a special tool to remove the mineral deposits and follow up with a polishing of your teeth. Deep cleaning is integral to making sure tartar does not build up. However, it is also necessary to brush and floss daily. Brushing cleans only a portion of your mouth. Flossing takes care of the rest, especially those hard-to-reach areas.
Once it builds up, tartar removal is hard to do at home. This mineral deposit settles on the crown of the teeth and on the gums. If it is not removed, tartar can cause serious dental diseases, the mildest of which is gingivitis. It is therefore important to look out for signs of tartar buildup. When you notice that your teeth are turning yellow or brown, or if you note any swelling or tenderness of the gum, visit a dental health professional as soon as possible. They are the only ones who can do effective tartar removal.