Working with electricity requires safety precautions to prevent injuries and even death. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that improper contact with electrical energy can result in four types of injuries; electrocution (which is fatal), burns, falls and electric shock. The Occupational and Safety Health Administration (OSHA) provides guidelines for safely working with electricity. Thre are certain tips for working safely with electricity.
OSHA requires that equipment must be installed and used strictly according to the instructions included in the package. Equipment must not be located in damp or wet locations or where they will be exposed to liquids, gases, vapors, fumes and other agents which could contribute to the deterioration of conductors or equipment. OSHA requires that equipment should be installed neatly and professionally and that conductors have to be racked in order to provide safe and standby access in subsurface or underground enclosure where workers enter for maintenance and installation. All electrical equipment must be securely fastened to the surface on which it is mounted. Equipment must be regularly inspected and tested to ensure that there are no damaged parts which might affect the safe operation of such equipment. Also, according to OSHA the internal parts of electrical equipment such as insulators and wiring terminals should be protected from contamination by foreign matter like plaster, abrasives, paint and corrosive residue. Electric equipment which have ventilation openings must be free from obstructions such as walls.
OSHA regulations state that workers who work in environments which pose electrical hazards should be provided with electrical protective equipment which they must use. These electrical protective equipment should be appropriate to the task at hand and for the body part it is meant to protest. For example, employees are required to wear non-conductive head protection in places where there is any potential hazard of electric shock, burns or head injury from contact with exposed energized parts. Other protective gear could be for the eyes or face where there is the possibility of injury from electric arcs or flashes from flying objects where there is an electrical explosion.
According to OSHA, safety symbols, tags, signs and other visual accident prevention aids should be used to warn employees about potential electrical hazards. If the hazards are serious, then barricades, as well as safety signs should be utilized. If these warning aids are not sufficient, then an attendant has to be stationed at the location to warn employees.