In 1992 at the UNCED (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development) it was recommended to pick a day to celebrate freshwater. In 1993 the United Nations General Assembly designated 22 March as World Water Day. International World Water Day is held annually to get attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.
Why a Word Water Day?
Many people in the world die because they lack access to clean water and proper sanitation. Solving the water problem in the world is not easy. Various developments such as food scarcity and resource depletion affect the water problems. Climate change and economic developments lead to the believe that there should be more cooperation to find solutions.
In 2000 the United Nations agreed for 2015 to achieve measurable progress in combating poverty, education, health and environment. Agreements on this were recorded in eight millennium goals:
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rate
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
It is intended that the World Water contributes to the Millennium Goals and in particular to reduce poverty and the environmental sustainability.
Word Water Day themes
Each year a specific aspect of freshwater is highlighted:
Year Â Â Â Â Theme
1994Â Â Â Â Â Caring for our Water Resources is Everybody's Business [
1995Â Â Â Â Â Women and Water
1996Â Â Â Â Â Water for Thirsty Cities
1997Â Â Â Â Â The World's Water: Is there enough?
1998Â Â Â Â Â Groundwater - The Invisible Resource
1999Â Â Â Â Â Everyone Lives Downstream
2000Â Â Â Â Â Water for the 21st Century
2001Â Â Â Â Â Water for Health
2002Â Â Â Â Â Water For Development
2003Â Â Â Â Â Water for Future
2004Â Â Â Â Â Water and Disasters
2005Â Â Â Â Â Water for Life 2005-2015
2006Â Â Â Â Â Water and Culture
2007Â Â Â Â Â Coping With Water Scarcity
2008Â Â Â Â Â Sanitation
2009Â Â Â Â Â Transboundary Waters
2010Â Â Â Â Â Clean Water for a Healthy World
In 2011 the theme is â€˜Water for cities: responding to the urban challengeâ€™. Most people in the world live in cities. City populations are growing very fast. Itâ€™s almost impossible for cities to adept their infrastructure. Word Water Day focuses not only on the impact of rapid growth of cities but also on economics and the effects of climate change and natural disasters on urban water systems. Word Water Day wants to encourage governments, organizations, communities and individuals to cooperate to address the urban water management.
The wonder of clean water
Wouldnâ€™t it be nice that one day every child opens the tap and has clean water flowing!