Writing a great cover letter for your résumé doesn’t take a college course. Having some tools and techniques to use that are effective can do the trick. These are several things to make an effective cover letter to make a great first impression and stand out to make your job search strategy successful.

There are a couple of things that should be done before you begin writing a cover letter.

  • Make certain you research the prospective employer
  • If you create a custom template, personalize it for each employer
  • Construct clear and concise sentences and written material for each cover letter
  • Proof read for spelling, grammar and punctuation. Make certain everything is in order and correct

The two things that an employer wants from all applicants are a résumé and a cover letter.

What is a Cover Letter?

A cover letter lets an applicant elaborate on the most important facts in their résumé that will make them stand out and a better fit than all other applicants that have applied for the open position. You can offer a detailed explanation to the employer with a cover letter.

Components of a cover letter


The header for a cover letter has an applicant’s name, address, phone number and email address. Immediately follow this with the date and the company’s contact information. Space the information far enough apart to make it look attractive and easy to read.

The best header information has the company detailed information addressed to a specific person. Generally this is the person in charge of hiring for the position or HR staff.


The proper salutation should be used.  Address your cover letter to Mr., Mrs. or Miss. Some names make it difficult to figure a person’s gender. If you don’t know for certain do not guess. Simply eliminate using the salutation all together.

Dedicate the rest of the introduction  to why you are writing and who you are.  Include a brief overview or summary of your experience and education. The attached resume will offer more detailed information. Disclose how you learned of the open position and why you have an interest in the open position. If you have a personal contact at the company that will let you use them as a reference, this is where you place that information. Make certain you discuss this with your reference beforehand.


This  section of your cover letter details why you are the right person or the open position. The argument for why you are the right person for the open position will include things such as;

  • Reference your résumé points that outline facts to support assertions that you have made about your education and experience for this particular position
  • Include reasons you have a great relationship with your current employer if you are working and why the new company should hire you
  • Demonstrate you have the knowledge as well as the skills for the open position
  • Ways you can benefit the new company and what you bring to the company besides what you bring to the open position

Be positive in your tone and professional. Be specific in details about the company. This will show you have done your research.


The closing will work as a summary of your main cover letter points. Additionally, remind the employer why the company should hire you instead of other candidates. Consider restating both how you have the skills, experience and/or education. A nice touch is to relate how your skills, experience and education fit into the company’s mission statement or goals.

Thank your readers for their time and consideration while closing your cover letter. This has a show of respect and can end your cover letter with a pleasant tone.