Constipation is a temporary disorder of the bowel function (condition that makes bowel movement infrequent and difficult). This condition is known to affect women mostly and the elderly. However anyone can become a victim to this form of bowel disorder. This condition is characterized by stood not being able to come out easily. This is because the stool is hard and dry and hence difficult to pass.

Constipation symptoms

The symptoms of constipation are normally not visible and, therefore, only those affected are able to feel them. For those who have already been victims of constipation, it is a lot easier to know the symptoms. But for those who haven’t, this is what you should expect and feel when you constipate. You will have infrequent and difficult bowel movements, when evacuating stool, you may have to strain and the stool may not completely come out, your stool will be hard and dry.

Victims also complain of abdominal pain, swelling and vomiting. Individuals who experience less than two bowel movements a week should suspect the possibility of constipation. Other symptoms which manifest themselves include foul breath, headache, coated tongue, dizziness, loss of appetite, nausea, depression, ulcers in the mouth, dark circles in the eye,  pimple in the lumbar area, acidity, heart burns and insomnia.

Causes of constipation

The causes extensively result from diet related cases, medication, lifestyle or disease related causes. The normal cause is inadequate water and fiber diet intake. Insufficient exercise mostly for the elderly is a major cause of constipation. To some, food products such as dairy and cheese products cause constipation while on others its irregular eating habits. Stress (nervousness, tension and worry) and diseases come in closely with other neurological conditions as well being key causes of constipation. The use of laxatives, antacids, narcotics and anti-depressants also causes constipation. Eating disorders, pregnancy and colon cancer are also medical related causes which result as side effects.

Treatment and Prevention Measures

In most cases, the causes of constipation determine the treatment. Therefore, the treatment and prevention measures include diet and lifestyle changes that one has to effect. Extra water intake per day and taking warm liquids in the morning will help eliminate constipation. Eating fruits and vegetable rich in fiber content is key in solving this condition. Based on medical judgment, the doctor may prescribe stool softener which in most cases should be taken as prescribed as they have serious side effects. Limit intake of certain foods as well as regular exercise is called for. For infants, a table spoon of corn syrup will greatly help. Sugar added to liquids you take also help cure constipation. Aloe Vera juice has been known to help in cleaning digestive system thereby making it easy for water to be absorbed.


In conclusion, constipation is a common problem which results from bowel infrequent movement.  This problem arises from poor combination of diet or abdominal disorders. Just like other diseases, necessary preventive measures in ensures the bowel remains healthy. Contact your doctor should you have any abnormal symptoms. Should the condition persist beyond two weeks of taking medication, do contact your doctor.