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Zoonosis: What is it and how to prevent

By Edited Nov 13, 2013 0 0

Zoonosis

Danger from innocent pets

Introduction to Zoonosis                                                                                                                                       First of all what is zoonosis exactly? It can be defined as an infection disease transmitted from animals to human beings. The word zoonosis is derived from Greek words zoön( animal) and nosos (disease). One of the best examples of a zoonosis is the bird flew. Also famous is the Lyme disease, which can actually paralyze people.

Transmission of the disease can occur by direct contact but also by indirect contact. The possession of a pet is not necessary to get infected by a zoonosis. People with reduced resistance such as children and older people have greater risk of being infected. There are also jobs that have a higher probability of transmission such as foresters, butchers and cattle breeders.

Categories:

  • Tapeworms.  Tapeworms can lead to symptoms of the flu. And in rare cases eye, liver and lung problems.
  • Skin Parasites.  Skin Parasites can lead to skin problems.
  • Bacterial Infection.  For example the Cat Scratch Disease can be caused by the scratch of a cat.  Another one that often occurs is the Parrots Disease, which is some sort of pneumonia transmitted by a parrot-like animal.
  • Virus Infection.  Rabies is the most famous disease of this category. This is a very rare disease in developed countries.

Development of Zoonosis                                                                                                                                           

On one side, there is more information available about these diseases everyday so Zoonosis can be fighted better. But on the other hand, new Zoonosis develops rapidly. This has the following causes:

1.       People travel more than previous times. Diseases from less developed countries can travel with people.

2.       Our eating habits have changed. More raw fish and meat is eaten nowadays.  Also vegetables are cooked less long, to ensure they remain crispy.

3.       Climate changes. Countries that were too cold for the diseases to survive in the past for example, are now suitable for the same diseases because of the climate change.

Prevention                                                                                                                                                                 First of all wash your hands often. Also eliminate vermin in your environment. Even more important is to check yourself on ticks, when you have gone to the forest for a walk. Last but not least avoid contact with sick animals.

Also be careful with your food. Always focus on good hygiene when preparing meals. Furthermore store food on the right temperature. Finally wash raw vegetables and fruit thoroughly before eating.

Conclusion                                                                                                                                                              Be very careful with preparing food en travelling to less developed countries. Monitor your pets on diseases and ensure they eat well too. Focus on good hygiene habits and you should be fine especially when you live in a developed country.


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