There are some common sources of deviant behaviors among school children. The main focus would be based on the etiology of deviant behaviors in the school and community. The various forms of deviances or indiscipline have their own dynamic sources. However, it is believes that no one cause may be taken at a time to be responsible for the manifestation of a particular maladaptive behavior but rather together to generate unwholesome behavior.
many factors are the causes of the various forms of deviant behaviors. These factors are discussed below under the following sub-headings:
* Family poverty and family wealth
* Absence of vocational preparation
* Effects of unwholesome mass media
* Parental and peer group influence
* FAMILY POVERTY AND FAMILY WEALTH: The two major factors of family poverty and family wealthy are responsible for laying the root of deviant behaviors among school children. Family poverty breeds deficient satisfaction of basic need among growing children. it is believed that deficiency experienced by the growing child seems to lay the foundation of deficient, maladaptive and delinquent behavior.
The average family in apart from being relatively poor is made up mostly of illiterates. And under this condition, feeding of children might be deficient as to create incidence of malnutrition and its consequent impact on building traits of maladaptive or deviant behaviors among school children. On the other hand, it is found that children form wealthy homes have also been manifesting delinquent behaviors.
What then could be responsible for this. Stressed that when adolescents’ needs for security recognition, independence and affection are not granted and frequently thwarted to a frustrating point, anti-social deviance often developed. In the wealthy homes, more than often, little attention is paid to children non-material needs and as a result children develop poor coping strategies without the careful guidance and supervision of their parents.
* ABSENCE OF VOCATIONAL PREPARATION: Counseling psychologists believe that when youths are not gainfully engaged in vocational preparation, most of their talent suffers a lot of waste. Generally, school children are gifted with much potential which should be exploited and directed to enhance their vocational choice, growth and development. Thus, it is necessary to discover early enough the individual’s interest, aptitude, attitudes and personality to prepare their minds against illicit activities and against established norms of the school and society.
* EFFECTS OF UNWHOLESOME MASS MEDIA: The mass media is made up of print media, audio-media, and audio-visual media systems. They all have a major motive to feed the public with information. However, the present trend in the growing complex media service seems to produce greater negative impact on the character formation and adjustment process of children more than their positive impressions. The dynamic explosion in the mass media system through the provision of television programmes, cassettes, newspapers, magazines, radio, video films, cinema and pornographic materials has contributed greatly to the acquisition of deviant behaviors among children.
Through the unwholesome mass media programmes, school children are exposed to various unguided ways of making ineffective and inefficient adjustment to their personal, social, educational, sexual and societal problems.
PARENTAL AND PEER GROUP INFLUENCE: Parents have fundamental influence on their children in the provision of early tools of socialization. They play the roles of models to their children. A home which respects the ideals of the society under the fear of the Almighty God would create enormous positive influence in the lives of their children. However, the reverse would be the case where parents are themselves drug addicts, alcoholics and rebellious in their attitudes to the ideals of the society.
Peer group influence is another significant source of delinquent behaviors among school children. It has been found by researchers that the spoilt children in the peer groups exert much control and influence on the other members of the group. Since the group interest and activities are not supervised by knowledgeable adults, they form goals and objectives which are contrary to the existing norms in the home and school.