Student’s deviances in schools have been on the increase. In fact, it is growing at an alarming rate, despite disciplinary measures put in place by either school administrators or teachers. First of all, there is the problem of lack of coherent policy on student’s deviance in the world. Hence, some people view indiscipline as a subjective issue.
Secondly, where there are rules guiding students behaviors, these rules are poorly implemented. Study has shown that teachers enforce school rules on preferential basis background. This practice has made some students above the law.
Another problem confronting disciplinary measures in schools is that of corruption of staff. Teachers have been caught abetting students in cheating during examinations. Thus, teachers have negatively influenced the students. In the same vein, parents have encouraged their children in indolence. They have given their children the financial backup to bribe teachers, indulge in alcoholism, smoking and gambling. Children from wealthy homes tend to have some excess cash from the stipend given to them by their parents, which are sued in negative activities.
And another major problem confronting disciplinary measures in schools is the lack of monitoring team. Schools should have monitoring committee which will check students excesses and ensure that all behaviors exhibited by students are in conformity with the rules and regulations of the school of the larger society.
INADEQUANT EDUCATIONAL AND DISCIPLINARY PROGRAMMES: The issue of inadequate educational and disciplinary programmers’ is other sources of deviant behaviors among school children. These involve preferential treatment that is given to students by teachers by describing some students as ‘good students’ to the disadvantage of others tagged as ‘bad students’. The school system should cater for all categories of students. This is why the school environment should show interest in a healthy and impartial way with the hereditary endowments of all students. All students should be given equal treatment and be subjected to equal disciplinary measures. This will solve the problem of deviance formation in both the ‘good students’ and the ‘bad students’.
PRIMARY PREVENTION, CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOURS: Parent and government should ensure that children get the best care during their first seven years. All basic needs and care should be given to children. Parents should take adequate interest in knowing their children’s interests and extra-curricular activities. They should avoid overprotection or pampering of the children and let them face life way it actually is.
Family stability seminars should be organized this will help reduce parents negligence of their children and increase the level of security children have from their parents. This will go a long way to reduce the level of deviance and indiscipline in schools. Another way of preventing deviance is that parents, as role models, should Endeavour to manifest acceptable ideas of the society. Teachers and parents should make efforts to identify the peer groups of their children. They should try and find out the norms of these groups and try to modify them or separate their children from these negative groups.
THE NEW SYSTEM MODEL ON PREVENTION OF INDISCIPLINE AMONG STUDENTS : The model gave some ways to develop positive behavior in students and to prevent indiscipline in schools. Teachers were advised to develop good discipline in students. They should be made to shun negative behavior. The Model suggested the use of positive rewards such as praises, material gifts, and recommendations etc to motivate students to gradually develop good moral behavior and avoid negative influences.
The model also suggested strict formulation and implementation of class rules. These rules are basically four:
* Arrive on time – be punctual
* Listen attentively to instructions
* Do your assignments independently; and
* Raise your hands if you wish to speak
It advised teachers to develop three major behaviors in students, which are: self respect, respect for others and respect for property.